A Languid Look Back To Gershwin's 'Summertime'

  • Playlist
  • Embed
    <iframe src="http://www.npr.org/player/embed/95761927/95761675" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
American composer George Gershwin in 1925. i

American composer George Gershwin in 1925. Hulton Archive/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption Hulton Archive/Getty Images
American composer George Gershwin in 1925.

American composer George Gershwin in 1925.

Hulton Archive/Getty Images

"Summertime" might be the opening word in George Gershwin's iconic song, but as Rob Kapilow points out to Performance Today host Fred Child, that's not where the music really starts. The eight instrumental measures that open the song, Kapilow says, set up an evocative transition into the languid world of Catfish Row.

A single note pushes us into Gershwin's South Carolina setting.

"Then the clarinet floats in from the heavens," Kapilow says, "bringing in the other two notes we need to establish: not just Catfish Row, but the character of Clara, rocking her baby, because 'Summertime' is actually a lullaby."

One of the keys to the song's greatness, Kapilow maintains, is its simplicity. From two gently swaying notes, Gershwin adds rich harmony.

"It's like black-and-white being filled into Technicolor, right as the voice comes in," Kapilow says. "An exquisite cross-fade: one note, a rocking theme, slow it down, and then harmony. That languid slowness of summer is also in the fantastic rhythm in the first word, 'summertime,' where the last syllable gets stretched on that beautiful high note. Somehow, we're in this incredibly languid world within two notes."

To hear the previous feature, click here.

For a full archive of What Makes It Great, click here.

Purchase Featured Music

Gershwin: Porgy and Bess; Rhapsody

Purchase Music

Purchase Featured Music

Gershwin: Porgy and Bess; Rhapsody

Your purchase helps support NPR Programming. How?




Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and Terms of Use. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.

NPR thanks our sponsors

Become an NPR sponsor

Support comes from