Poems In Song: Turning Words Into Jazz

Hear Five Songs Below


Pablo Neruda (300 tall)

hide captionPablo Neruda (300 tall)

Keystone/Hulton Archive

April is Jazz Appreciation Month, as well as National Poetry Month. This week's Take Five celebrates both art forms in the same place.

Each of the five songs featured here was originally written as a poem to be read, not as lyrics to be sung. The jazz artists here transformed the poems into lyrics that fit their particular style and phrasing, and then composed music to round out the interpretations. You won't find any examples of "jazz poetry," or poetry spoken over a jazz-music accompaniment — those are entirely different subjects and styles.

The first four songs are based on poems by Pablo Neruda, Theodore Roethke, E.E. Cummings and Paul Verlaine. If you aren't an avid poetry reader, you might at least recognize these from a literature class. The fifth selection, "Strange Fruit," is a historically important song, condemning American racism, originally published in a teachers' union magazine in the 1930s. The song — and its impact — has an entire book dedicated to it.

Each entry includes a link to a book in which you can find each poem and further explore the poet's works. In the meantime, enjoy five jazz re-imaginations of literary works below.

For more entries in the Take Five series, click here. And don't forget to subscribe to the Jazz Notes newsletter.

Poems In Song: Turning Words Into Jazz

Cover for Neruda

Luciana Souza

  • Album: Neruda
  • Song: Leaning into the Afternoons... (Inclinado en las Tardes...)

The only instrumentation heard on this song is a gentle piano and Luciana Souza's clear, lightly accented voice. Chilean poet Pablo Neruda wrote the poem in his native Spanish, but Brazilian singer Souza chose to perform an English translation of "Inclinado en Las Tardes..." Neruda's poem is simple, personal and expressive, and Souza captures its spirit well. Each song on the album is based upon a poem by Neruda.

Purchase Twenty Love Poems and A Song of Despair by Pablo Neruda.


Purchase Featured Music

  • "Leaning into the Afternoons... (Inclinado en las Tardes...)"
  • Album: Neruda
  • Artist: Luciana Souza
  • Label: Sunnyside
  • Released: 2004
Cover for Nightmoves

Kurt Elling

  • Album: Nightmoves
  • Song: The Waking

Kurt Elling skillfully shapes Theodore Roethke's Pulitzer Prize-winning poem, "The Waking," into song with minimal instrumentation — just voice and bass, the low end complementing Elling's voice wonderfully well. Careful respect is paid to the words, which begin clearly with, "I wake to sleep, and take my waking slow." The jazz piece flows as naturally as Roethke's poem.

Purchase The Collected Poems of Theodore Roethke.


Purchase Featured Music

  • "The Waking"
  • Album: Nightmoves
  • Artist: Kurt Elling
  • Label: Concord
  • Released: 2007
If Less Is More... Nothing Is Everything

Kate McGarry

  • Album: If Less Is More...Nothing Is Everything
  • Song: I Carry Your Heart

Kate McGarry's interpretation of E.E. Cummings' well-known poem develops slowly, first with her voice backed by a sparse guitar, before moving into a vocal duet with Jo Lawry. Instruments including a violin, piano, drums and organ weave their way in and out, but are never intrusive, even as the tempo and volume gradually increase. All the while, McGarry never loses sight of the poem's integrity.

Purchase E.E. Cummings Complete Poems 1904-1962.


Purchase Featured Music

  • "I Carry Your Heart"
  • Album: If Less Is More...Nothing Is Everything
  • Artist: Kate McGarry
  • Label: Palmetto
  • Released: 2008

Patricia Barber

  • Album: Verse
  • Song: Dansons la Gigue

The words of celebrated French poet Paul Verlaine's "Dansons La Gigue" are sung by Patricia Barber in the text's original French. It's a dance of lyrics and music that fits right into place with the mood and feeling of the poem. After hearing this jazz version of a Verlaine work, you may be interested in looking up musical interpretations of his poetry by a couple of composers who lived during his lifetime, Claude Debussy and Gabriel Faure.

Purchase One Hundred and One Poems by Paul Verlaine.


Purchase Featured Music

  • "Dansons la Gigue"
  • Album: Verse
  • Artist: Patricia Barber
  • Label: Mobile Fidelity Koch
  • Released: 2002
Lady Sings the Blues

Billie Holiday

  • Album: Lady Sings the Blues
  • Song: Strange Fruit

Abel Meeropol, a Jewish schoolteacher and union activist from the Bronx, wrote the stirring poem "Strange Fruit" after seeing a picture of a lynching in the South. He published it in a teacher's union magazine. Meeropol later wrote music to the poem, and it was performed as a song at a teachers' union meeting. The owner of an integrated New York nightclub, Cafe Society, introduced the author to Billie Holiday. She agreed to sing the song, which soon took on a new life through her harrowing rendition. She first performed "Strange Fruit" in 1939, but this recording was made late in her career, in 1956, after years of hard living had taken a toll on her health and her voice. The song somehow seems more painful, haunting and meaningful through that lens.

Purchase Strange Fruit: The Biography of a Song by David Margolick and Hilton Als.


Purchase Featured Music

  • "Strange Fruit"
  • Album: Lady Sings the Blues
  • Artist: Billie Holiday
  • Label: Verve
  • Released: 1956

Related NPR Stories



Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and Terms of Use. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.