William Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616, and April 23 is the day celebrated as his birthday. Chicago has declared the day "Talk Like Shakespeare" day.
Chicago Mayor Richard Daley declared Thursday "Talk Like Shakespeare" day in honor of the 445th anniversary of William Shakespeare's birth.
And folks in the Windy City, from fans at Wrigley Field to the aldermen on the City Council, are picking up the Shakespearean lingo.
So how doth thou talketh like Shakespeare?
"Instead of saying, 'Hey you,' [it's] 'Hark thee!' or 'Prithee,' " says Barbara Gaines, founder and artistic director of the Chicago Shakespeare Theater. "Instead of saying, 'you,' say 'thou.' The men are called 'sirrah,' and the ladies are called 'mistress.' And all of your friends are 'cousins.' Don't ask what this means, but in Shakespeare, everybody's called cousin this and cousin that, when they have no relation."
"And if you can rhyme something, that's brilliant," Gaines adds.
In Elizabethan times, Shakespeare and his fellows didn't curse like people do today, says Gaines. Insults were well-thought-out and designed to torment their targets.
- Instead of "you," say "thou." Instead of "y'all," say "thee." Thy, Thine and Ye are all good pronouns, too.
- Rhymed couplets are all the rage.
- Men are "sirrah," ladies are "mistress," and your friends are all called "cousin."
- Instead of cursing, try calling your tormenters jackanapes or canker-blossoms or poisonous bunch-back'd toads.
- Don't waste time saying "it," just use the letter "t" ('tis, t'will, t'would, I'll do't).
- Verse for lovers, prose for ruffians, songs for clowns.
- When in doubt, add the letters "e-t-h" to the end of verbs (he runneth, he trippeth, he falleth).
- To add weight to your opinions, try starting them with methinks, mayhaps, in sooth or wherefore.
- When wooing ladies, try comparing her to a summer's day. If that fails, say: "Get thee to a nunnery!"
- When wooing lads, try dressing up like a man. If that fails, throw him in the tower, banish his friends and claim the throne.
Source: Chicago Shakespeare Theater's Web site
"You can call someone a 'lump,' or a 'foul deformity,' " Gaines said. "Or you can say, 'You're a canker-blossom,' if you can't stand it. Or, if you really want to be demeaning, you can say, 'You're just a fusty-nut with no kernel.' "
Overall, if ever in doubt when trying to talk like Shakespeare, Gaines says just add e-t-h at the end of a verb.
Chicago City Council Aldermen Soundeth Off
Because some of Chicago's most dramatic theatrics take place on the political stage, NPR tried to see if some Chicago aldermen would talk like Shakespeare.
Alderman Tom Allen wouldn't even try, saying: "I think Chicagoans have their own unique dialect, and it doesn't sound very much like Shakespeare."
But that didn't stop Alderman Emma Mitts from giving it a try on one of her pet issues.
"My cousins," Mitts passionately implored, "methinks thou shouldeth support another Wal-Mart in the city of Chicago."
Veteran Alderman Dick Mell tried a few Shakespearean barbs.
"I would like to have my beef-witted colleagues support the barnacle-bladder, boar-pig ordinance that I have presented today," he said.
In his 35 years on the City Council, Mell says he's seen many a Shakespearean plotline unfold.
"Et tu, Brute. I think a lot of us have been stabbed in the back, unfortunately," said Mell, who is the father-in-law of impeached former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich. The two are no longer on speaking terms following a falling-out after Mell orchestrated Blagojevich's election as governor in 2002.
O proud left foot, that ventures quick within
Then soon upon a backward journey lithe.
Anon, once more the gesture, then begin:
Command sinistral pedestal to writhe.
Commence thou then the fervid Hokey-Poke,
A mad gyration, hips in wanton swirl.
To spin! A wilde release from Heavens yoke.
Blessed dervish! Surely canst go, girl.
The Hoke, the poke — banish now thy doubt
Verily, I say, 'tis what it's all about.
— By Jeff Brechlin of Potomac Falls, Va., as part of a contest in The Washington Post.
To Drink Or Not To Drink ... At Wrigley Field
At Wrigley Field, home of the storied baseball team the Chicago Cubs — and to many a Shakespearean-like tragedy, too — beer vender Vince Pavalonis tried a Shakespearean sales pitch.
"To drink or not to drink: That is the question," yelled Pavalonis, as he sold the local favorite, Ye Olde Style beer, on a recent day.
As for the fans, Corie Sparlin, 15, of Chicago, found a Shakespearean way to insult the other team, yelling, "What fools these mortals be!"
"You artless, fowling bat pig!" exclaimed Chicagoan Sean Johnson, who then added, "Methinks the beslubbering beef-witted pitcher throweth as such a boar-pig would."
Art and Claire Korman are fans of both the Cubs and Shakespeare. When they were dating many years ago, he gave her a book of Shakespeare sonnets that she still keeps at her bedside.
When an opposing player "homereth into right field," they tried to grieve as Shakespeare would have, coming up with: "Alas, poor Cubbies. I knew them. 'Twas a long one. And 'twas long gone."
But the Cubs cometh back and winneth the game. So in the words of Shakespeare: "All's well that ends well."