Hugh Wesley Photo
Dan Aykroyd, Eugene Levy, Catherine O'Hara, Andrea Martin and John Candy in a promo shot, Toronto, 1975.
A Southwest Airlines jet arriving in Chicago's Midway Airport on Friday was bound to have been one of the funniest flights ever. Alumni of Chicago's famed Second City theater were onboard, returning to their comedy roots for the weekend's 50th-anniversary celebration of the theater where they honed their acting, writing and performing skills.
From the beginning, The Second City has always been an unparalleled incubator of talent, launching the careers of a who's who of Hollywood, television and Saturday Night Live stars: Alan Arkin, Paul Sand, Barbara Harris, Fred Willard, Robert Klein, Peter Boyle, Joan Rivers, Harold Ramis, John Belushi, Gilda Radner, Dan Aykroyd, Bill Murray, Eugene Levy, Tim Kazurinsky, Mary Gross, John Candy, Rick Moranis, Dave Thomas, Martin Short, George Wendt, Shelly Long, Bonnie Hunt, Mike Myers, Chris Farley, Tim Meadows, Steve Carell, Steven Colbert, Rachel Dratch, Tina Fey, Horatio Sanz and many, many more.
But serving as a Midwest farm team for the Hollywood and New York City big leagues was far from what the founders planned.
Co-founders Bernie Sahlins, Paul Sills and Howard Alk came out of the intellectual world of the University of Chicago, where they'd played in a comedy troupe called the Compass Players. In 1959, they saw an opportunity to break out of the buttoned-down 1950s and capitalize on the growing counterculture movement, and they opened a theater in a storefront on Chicago's near North Side that used to house a Chinese laundry.
"Second City came out of the '50s when there was more of this conservative mother-in-law comedy going on," says Mike Thomas, author of The Second City Unscripted: Revolution and Revelation at the World-Famous Comedy Theater.
"Nationally, for a long time, Second City was really the only place people could come to see and be involved in this satirical, improv-based comedy," he says.
The Second City actors hone their craft onstage virtually every night. "If you're doing eight shows a week, 52 weeks a year for two or three years, you're going to become a very strong performer," says The Second City's owner and executive producer, Andrew Alexander.
Courtesy of JenniferGirard.com
Second City alumni include Steve Carell and Stephen Colbert (shown here at left and second from right).
"It's also about encouraging failure," says Alexander. "That's what the improv sets are all about. That is where they get to take chances, and they take risks, and many nights, that doesn't work; it fails, but out of that failure makes them better."
It's a somewhat rigorous place to work and train. Thomas calls The Second City "The Harvard of Ha Ha" — it is tough to get into and grueling to get through, but it's potentially huge to someone's career.
"If you want to get good, come to Chicago and Second City," said theater director Matt Hovde, who is also creative director of The Second City's growing training center. "If you want to get rich and famous, you might have to leave, but if you want to get good, if you really care about improvising well and becoming an artist who has a point of view and can do the variety of things that Second City actors have gone on to do, then you need to come here."
The Second City brand has expanded far beyond the Windy City. The Second City Toronto has been a fixture for close to 40 years, producing many of the franchise's biggest stars. There are three traveling troupes touring the country, troupes performing on Norwegian Cruise ships, a corporate communications arm and a training center that offers improv classes to 2,000 students per session.
It's all part of a growing $30 million comedy empire.
Hovde insists The Second City hasn't lost sight of its roots.
"Night and after night, live onstage we put up a two-act sketch comedy revue that pokes fun at the world and the way it is," Hovde said. "It always comes down to that for us."
And that is how Second City plans to thrive for another 50 years.