With many young talents under his tutelage, Art Blakey has often been called the father of hard bop.
With many young talents under his tutelage, Art Blakey has often been called the father of hard bop. David Referns/Redferns
Evolving out of 1950s bebop, hard bop incorporates elements of gospel, soul and R&B. One of the style's biggest supporters, Blue Note Records, celebrated its 70th anniversary last year, and is represented by three albums here.
Although popular jazz progressed into other forms in the 1960s and beyond, hard bop never died out altogether. It's still heard today in many modern jazz recordings. Listen to five classic recordings here.
This story originally ran Jan. 26, 2009.
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