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Bizet's Pop Culture 'Carmen'


Bizet's Pop Culture 'Carmen'

From Milan's La Scala Opera House

Hear An Audio Introduction To The Opera

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Anita Rachvelishvili as Carmen i

Flower girls surround mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili, who stars as the lead character in Georges Bizet's 'Carmen.' Marco Brescia/Teatro alla Scala hide caption

toggle caption Marco Brescia/Teatro alla Scala
Anita Rachvelishvili as Carmen

Flower girls surround mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili, who stars as the lead character in Georges Bizet's 'Carmen.'

Marco Brescia/Teatro alla Scala


In Act One, Don José (tenor Jonas Kaufmann) is ordered to arrest Carmen (mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili), but her seductive "Seguedilla" persuades him that taking her to jail might not be his most satisfying course of action.


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The character of Don José doesn't fare all that well in Bizet's opera, but he is given one of its best numbers -- his second act aria known as the "Flower Song," sung by tenor Jonas Kaufmann.

Flower Song

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Generally, opera isn't tossed into the vast pot of entertainment that's loosely defined as "popular" culture. But if there's one opera that does fit the pop culture bill, surely it's George Bizet's blockbuster, Carmen.

For one thing, Carmen may have more hit tunes than any opera ever composed. People who say they've never listened to a note of opera in their lives have probably heard something from Carmen, even if it was only in an elevator.

As for the opera's story, it showcases any number of elements that don't exactly mesh with opera's typical, highbrow image — proving that opera goers are attracted by the same sort of guilty pleasures that draw people to sensational TV shows, or lurid films.

Carmen herself, for example, easily falls into the same, femme fatale tradition that includes the murderous characters played by Sharon Stone and Glenn Close in the movies Basic Instinct and Fatal Attraction. Early audiences were scandalized by Carmen's overt sexuality and her violent death, but they went to the opera anyway — in droves.

The opera's devotees also seem to ignore its unflattering and oversimplified portrayal of the Roma people, sometimes known as gypsies, just as fans of mafia stories put up with the stereotypes they often reinforce.

The popularity of Carmen was even helped by a real life tragedy, just as movies such as The Dark Knight and The Crow developed a special fascination for some after the untimely deaths of their stars, Heath Ledger and Brandon Lee. At a point when the long-term success of Carmen was still an open question, Bizet suddenly died. His admirers mourned, but lines at the ticket office promptly got longer — and the opera has been a hit ever since.

On World of Opera, host Lisa Simeone presents a production of Carmen that raised more than a few eyebrows. It was the season-opener at one of the world's true, operatic hotbeds, La Scala in Milan, and the company caused a stir by casting a rising, but relatively inexperienced singer in the title role — the Georgian mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili. She took the stage alongside veterans Jonas Kaufmann and Erwin Schrott, as Don José and Escamillo, and the entire cast got a rousing reception from a typically boisterous La Scala crowd.

See the previous edition of World of Opera or the full archive.

The Story of 'Carmen'

Jonas Kauffman and Anita Rachvelishvili in Bizet's Carmen

The young mezzo-soprano Anita Rachvelishvili stars as Carmen, with tenor Jonas Kaufmann as her love interest, Don José. Marco Brescia/Teatro alla Scala hide caption

toggle caption Marco Brescia/Teatro alla Scala


Anita Rachvelishvili ......... Carmen
Jonas Kaufmann ............. Don José
Erwin Schrott .................. Escamillo
Adriana Damato .............. Macaela
Gabor Bretz .................... Zuniga
Michèle Losier ................. Fraquita
Adriana Kucerova .......... Mercedes
Mathias Hausmann ......... Morales
Francis Dudziac ............. Dancair
Rodolphe Briand ............. Remendado

La Scala Orchestra and Chorus
Daniel Barenboim, conductor

As ACT ONE begins, soldiers have gathered outside a cigarette factory in Seville, waiting for the factory girls to appear. A young woman named Micaela is looking for a soldier named Don José, but he hasn't arrived yet, so she leaves. When José does show up, he's with his superior officer, lieutenant Zuniga.

Soon, women emerge from the factory for their break. One of them is Carmen, who makes a grand entrance with a flower in her teeth and sings her famous "Habanera." She flirts boldly with José, throwing the flower at his feet. When the women go back to work, he picks it up and keeps it.

Micaela returns to look for José. She's a teenaged orphan who has been raised by José's mother, and she has a message for him from home. His mother thinks Micaela would make a good wife for José, and she may be right — he does seem attracted to her.

They're interrupted by a commotion at the factory. Carmen has started a fight with a co-worker, stabbing her in the process. Zuniga orders José to take Carmen into custody. But when the two are left alone, Carmen turns on the charm, and José can't resist her. Instead of taking her to jail, he helps her to escape.

ACT TWO begins some time later, in a tavern. Carmen is there with two of her friends, Mercedes and Frasquita. They're drinking with some soldiers, including José's lieutenant, Zuniga. Carmen finds out that José has been arrested for letting her go and has spent a month in jail. The soldiers leave, and two other men arrive. They're criminals who want Carmen and her friends to go with them on a smuggling trip. Mercedes and Frasquita agree, but Carmen says she's in love and wants to stay behind.

There's a commotion as the famous bullfighter Escamillo enters. He's immediately taken with Carmen, but she turns him down, thinking of José and saying she already has a man in her life.

José himself arrives, and Carmen celebrates his return. She decides she'll go with the smugglers after all and invites José to come along. He's tempted, but eventually says he can't do it. Carmen gets angry, and even José's beautiful "Flower Song" can't soothe her.

But their standoff is put aside when Zuniga returns. He's also got an eye for Carmen and was hoping to find her alone, so he abruptly orders José to leave. José refuses, and instead attacks him. José gets the best of the struggle. But, having assaulted his superior officer, José knows he can't stick around, so he takes off with Carmen and the smugglers.

In the smuggler's camp, as ACT THREE begins, everyone sings about the dangers of their profession. Some of them read cards to tell their fortunes. For Carmen, the cards signal bad news. They predict that she and Don José will both die.

When the smugglers leave, Don José stays behind on guard. Micaela suddenly appears in the shadows. When a nervous Don José fires a shot into the darkness, she hides.

Then there's another visitor — the bullfighter Escamillo. He says there's a rumor that Carmen is looking for a new lover, and figures he'll apply for the job. José charges at him, and there's a fight. Just as he's about to kill the toreador, Carmen returns and stops him, saving Escamillo's life. As he leaves, Escamillo he invites Carmen to his next bullfight.

Micaela finally comes out of hiding and says José's mother wants him to come home. José is determined to stay with Carmen even though she makes it clear that she's getting tired of him. Micaela then admits that José's mother is dying. He leaves with Micaela, threatening Carmen on the way out.

ACT FOUR takes place outside the bullfight arena in Seville. Escamillo arrives in a grand procession — and Carmen is with him. When the toreador goes into the arena to prepare, Carmen stays outside with her friend Frasquita. It seems that José is somewhere in the crowd. Frasquita is afraid José might try to hurt Carmen, but Carmen isn't worried and decides to confront him.

José begs her to leave with him, but she says she no longer loves him; she's with Escamillo now. As she starts to enter the bullring, José tries to stop her. She defies him by taking off his ring, and throwing it at his feet. José draws a knife and stabs Carmen to death.

Just then, a roar comes from the arena and Escamillo emerges in triumph. Don José is standing over Carmen's body, bloody knife in hand. He gives himself up to the police as the opera ends.



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