Fanning Revolutionary Fires:  Cherubini's 'Lodoiska'

From The Parco Della Musica, Rome

fromWDAV

Lodoiska

3 min 7 sec
 
Circle Of Harmony Orchestra i i

The Circle Of Harmony Orchestra performed Lodoiska in concert at the Parco Della Musica in Rome. courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption courtesy of the artist
Circle Of Harmony Orchestra

The Circle Of Harmony Orchestra performed Lodoiska in concert at the Parco Della Musica in Rome.

courtesy of the artist

The Hit Single

Near the start of Act Three, Lodoiska (soprano Nathalie Manfrino) pleads Floreski's case in the aria "Tournez sur moi votre colère" ("Turn your anger on me") -- only to be told that if she doesn't marry Dourlinsky, Floreski will be killed.

The B Side

After Dourlinsky (baritone Pierre-Yves Provot) offers his ultimatum, there's an impassioned quartet: Lodoiska and Floreski (tenor Sébastien Guèze) vow to die together, while Dourlinsky seems confused by their defiance and his henchman Altamoras (bass Alain Buet) urges his boss to get tough and take revenge.

Music has always been a telling reflection of the culture in which it's created. Musical styles and trends, individual songs — and yes, operas — have often become emblematic of entire eras and generations.

In the counterculture era of the 1960's certain songs grew to the status of anthems, including "Aquarius" — as in "the age of" — which took to the stage in the musical Hair and hit the charts thanks to The Fifth Dimension. Bob Dylan contributed another '60s anthem with "The Times They Are a-Changin'." The disco '70's saw the Bee Gees with "Stayin' Alive."

When it comes to opera, there's one famous tune by Verdi that became a sort of unofficial, Italian national anthem. His chorus "Va pensiero," from the opera Nabucco, is sung by exiled Hebrews dreaming of their homeland. In 19th-century Italy it became a rallying cry for the "Risorgimento" movement — the drive to free Italy from foreign domination and unite its states in a single, independent nation. And about 50 years before Verdi's Nabucco, music by another Italian opera composer, working in France, became the accompaniment for a revolution.

At first glance, the story of Luigi Cherubini's Lodoiska hardly seems the stuff of historic upheaval. Set in 17th-century Poland, the plot involves a somewhat inept young knight who tries to liberate his captive fiancé, and needs a lot of help along the way.

But in revolution era France, its story of an innocent couple, separated by tyranny and reunited by the power of a just cause, hit a powerful chord. Eventually it helped to spawn an entire genre, known as "rescue opera," and after its Paris premiere in 1791, Lodoiska ran for some 200 performances, becoming the longest running French opera of the decade.

On World of Opera, host Lisa Simeone presents Cherubini's now rarely performed opera in a production from the Auditorium Parco della Musica in Rome. The stars are tenor Sébastien Guèze as Floreski, the would-be hero; soprano Nathalie Manfrino as Lodoiska, the fiancé he's out to save; and tenor Phillippe Do as Titzikan, the daring Tartar warrior who comes to their rescue in a blaze of glory and sends the villain to a fiery downfall.

See the previous edition of World of Opera or the full archive

The Story of 'Lodoiska'

Luigi Cherubini i i

Luigi Cherubini's Lodoiska takes the form of a rescue opera, a style he helped develop. Wikimedia commons hide caption

itoggle caption Wikimedia commons
Luigi Cherubini

Luigi Cherubini's Lodoiska takes the form of a rescue opera, a style he helped develop.

Wikimedia commons

Who's Who

Nathalie Manfrino ……….. Lodoiska
Sébastien Guèze ……. Count Floreski
Pierre-Yves Provot …..… Dourlinsky
Phillippe Do ………………..Titzikan
Alain Bouet ……………… Altamoras
Hjördis Thébault …………. Lysinka

Les Elements Chorus
The Circle of Harmony Orchestra
Jérémie Rhorer, conductor

The opera is in three acts, set in Poland, around the year 1600.  As Act One begins, a group of Tartar warriors, led by Titzikan, are approaching the castle of a notorious baron named Dourlinsky.  One of Titzikan's men reports that Dourlinsky leaves the castle frequently, and that while he's gone the castle could be taken easily.  But Titzikan says that a sneak attack would be underhanded — he wants to defeat Dourlinsky in a fair contest.  They then hear someone approaching, and hide in the woods to observe.

The Polish count Floreski appears with his faithful attendant Varbel.  Their horses have been stolen by the Tartars, so they're trudging along on foot.  Floreski is hunting for his girlfriend, Lodoiska.  The two had planned to be married.  But Lodoiska's father had a political disagreement with Floreski.  So he cancelled the wedding, denounced Floreski and hid Lodoiska way in a secret location.  Since then, her father has died and nobody knows exactly where she is.

Floreski and Varbel are confronted by Titzikan and one of his warriors.  In a fight, the tartars are disarmed.  Titzikan is impressed by Floreski's honorable way of battle, and the two men form an alliance.  Titzikan says he and his forces are planning to attack Baron Dourlinski, whose forces have ravaged their land — and he says that Dourlinski lives in the nearby castle.

Floreski remembers that Dourlinski was a friend of Lodoiska's father. Can this be where she's been hidden?  A stone then lands at his feet, with a note attached.  It was thrown by Lodoiska herself.  She's being held in the castle's prison tower.  When Floreski approaches the tower, she sings to him, saying that at midnight, he should climb to the top of the tower and lower a note to her window.

But the skittish Varbel has another idea.  Dourlinsky doesn't know that Lodoiska's father has died.  Varbel says they should go to the castle, deliver the news, and say they've been sent by Lodoiska's mother to bring her home.  Floreski agrees.  They knock on the castle door and a wary servant ushers them inside.

As Act Two opens, Dourlinsky's henchman Altamoras has taken Lodoiska from the tower to a dark hall deep inside the castle, along with her nurse, Lysinka.  Dourlinsky himself then enters and orders Lysinka out of the room.  He wants to speak with Lodoiska privately.

Dourlinsky has decided to marry Lodoiska.  When she tells him he has no right to marry her, he replies that he has the rights of "a lover who has you in his power."  She tells him he's a monster, not a lover, and that she's in love with someone else — Count Floreski.  There's a vehement confrontation and Dourlinsky orders his men to take her to the darkest, most secret part of the prison tower.  He also vows to track down this Floreski, whoever he is, and get rid of him.

With Lodoiska gone, Dourlinsky meets with Floreski and Varbel, not knowing who they are.  When they tell him they've been sent to take Lodoiska back to her mother, Dourlinsky plainly doesn't believe it.  He tells them to report back that Lodoiska is no longer with him.  Knowing Dourlinsky is lying, Floreski hesitates, not sure what to do next.  To buy some time, he says that he and Varbel would like to stay the night, to rest up before their journey home.  Dourlinsky agrees, but tells Altamoras to keep an eye on them.

Alone, Floreski is fuming.  He realizes that Dourlinsky plans to steal Lodoiska for himself.  Varbel then joins him with disturbing news:  He's overheard a couple of Dourlinsky's men, who are planning to offer them some refreshments — two glasses of poisoned wine.

When the men appear, Floreski stalls for time — and Varbel switches the wine they've been offered for the glasses Dourlinsky's men have brought for themselves.  They all drink up, and the would-be poisoners are soon out cold.  But when Floreski and Varbel try to escape, Dourlinsky confronts them with a group of soldiers.   Floreski defiantly reveals his identity, and he and Varbel are taken prisoner.

Dourlinsky goes to Lodoiska with an ultimatum.  If she refuses to marry him, Floreski will be killed.  Not knowing what's happened back at home, Lodoiska pleads a technicality:  She can't be married unless her father is there to give her away.  Dourlinsky curtly tells her that her father is dead, and Lodoiska passes out from shock.

Floreski is then dragged in, and as Lodoiska regains consciousness, she runs to him.  Dourlinsky repeats his demand:  Either Lodoiska marries him, or Floreski dies.  Lodoiska tells Dourlinsky that she'd rather be stabbed through the heart than marry him. Then she and Floreski vow to die together rather than give in.

Dourlinsky had been sure that he was about to get what he wanted, and wonders what to do next.  But it's a moot point when cannon fire is heard.  Titzikan, Floreski's Tartar ally, is attacking the castle with his army.

In a spectacular scene that helped to make the opera a hit in Paris, one of the castle walls is blown up, then crumbles to reveal the battlefield outside.  In fierce fighting, the Tartars overcome Dourlinsky's forces.  While that goes on, Dourlinsky hides Lodoiska in the tower, but Titzikan rescues her just as the tower collapses.  The resourceful Tartar also manages to save Floreski — snatching a dagger from Dourlinsky's hands in the nick of time.

With his castle in flames around him, Dourlinsky admits defeat — while Floreski  and Lodoiska celebrate their reunion.

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