A Fight For Jim Thorpe's Body

Jim Thorpe: A Legend In American Sports

  • Hide caption
    In 1950, Jim Thorpe was named the greatest male athlete of the half-century by the Associated Press, beating out baseball legend Babe Ruth for the top spot. A year later, his life story was put on the silver screen in the Burt Lancaster film Jim Thorpe: All-American.
    Topical Press Agency/Getty Images/Hansi Lo Wang, Amanda Steen
  • Hide caption
    In this undated photo, Thorpe (far right) stands with teammates from the Carlisle Indian Industrial School football team in Carlisle, Pa., where he was named an All-American football player in 1911 and 1912. In 1920, he became the first president of the American Professional Football Association, now known as the National Football League.
    AP/Hansi Lo Wang, Amanda Steen
  • Hide caption
    Thorpe throws a discus at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, where he won gold medals in both the pentathlon and decathlon events and King Gustav V of Sweden declared him "the most wonderful athlete in the world." After being revoked in 1913 due to a stint as a professional baseball player, his medals were reinstated by the International Olympic Committee in 1982.
    Topical Press Agency/Getty Images/Hansi Lo Wang, Amanda Steen
  • Hide caption
    Thorpe poses in his New York Giants baseball uniform in 1913. After losing his amateur status following the Olympic medal scandal, Thorpe turned to baseball to continue his professional athletic career.
    Library of Congress/Hansi Lo Wang, Amanda Steen
  • Hide caption
    Thorpe (right) gives some passing tips to his sons Phil (left) and Bill on a movie set in Los Angeles in 1940. Desperate to make ends meet after his professional sports career, Thorpe set his sights on Hollywood, where he was often cast in movies as an American Indian.
    AP/Hansi Lo Wang, Amanda Steen

1 of 5

View slideshow i

More than half a century after the death of sports star Jim Thorpe, his surviving children and a small town in northeastern Pennsylvania are locked in a battle over the Native American athlete's remains.

The two-time Olympic gold medalist, member of the NFL Hall of Fame and former Major League Baseball player was buried in the town of Jim Thorpe, Pa., after he died of a heart attack in 1953.

Now, Thorpe's surviving children and his tribe, the Sac and Fox Nation, are suing the town to bring his body back to his home state of Oklahoma. But town officials want his remains to stay put.

Jim Thorpe, Pa.

Thorpe's body was laid to rest in the town in 1957, but his legacy still lives on in Jim Thorpe, Pa.

"This guy has a whole town named after him," explains Jack Kmetz, president of the Jim Thorpe Area Sports Hall of Fame and lifelong resident of Jim Thorpe, Pa. "He has a bank named after him. He has a post office. He has his own ZIP code."

The local high school is also named after Thorpe, whose achievements at the 1912 Olympics even inspired the school's mascot, the Olympians.

"This is not your average high school varsity letter winner laying here," Kmetz says. "This is an international icon."

An Odd Story

Although Thorpe did attend the Carlisle Indian Industrial School in Pennsylvania, located just 106 miles from Jim Thorpe, Pa., he never visited the town named after him. So how did the Oklahoma native end up buried in the foothills of the Pocono Mountains?

It all started after Thorpe's death, when his widow offered local town officials an unusual deal.

"The community of Jim Thorpe, we have a signed contract by his widow," Kmetz explains. "We have the rights to possession of [Thorpe's] body."

In return, two small neighboring towns consolidated into one, renamed themselves "Jim Thorpe," and agreed to build a public shrine for the famous athlete.

Jim Thorpe's rose-colored granite tomb sits alongside Pennsylvania Route 903 in Jim Thorpe, Pa. i i

Jim Thorpe's rose-colored granite tomb sits alongside Pennsylvania Route 903 in Jim Thorpe, Pa. Hansi Lo Wang/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Hansi Lo Wang/NPR
Jim Thorpe's rose-colored granite tomb sits alongside Pennsylvania Route 903 in Jim Thorpe, Pa.

Jim Thorpe's rose-colored granite tomb sits alongside Pennsylvania Route 903 in Jim Thorpe, Pa.

Hansi Lo Wang/NPR

Local residents admit their town's founding makes for an odd story. Both the coal and rail industries had abandoned the area. The arrival of Thorpe's body was seen as a sign of hope for the local economy.

As for Thorpe's widow, she wanted more than just a simple burial for her husband. She wanted a town that would erect a memorial and capitalize on Thorpe's popularity.

A Family Divided

Jim Thorpe's eldest living son, William, from his second marriage, says he never supported his stepmother's plan.

"If your dad turned around and said, 'Hey, I want to be cremated and my ashes put somewhere,' you would abide by it, wouldn't you?" Thorpe says.

Thorpe says he and his brothers have waited for decades to resolve a family dispute over where their father should be buried.

"Dad's wish was that he be buried in Oklahoma," Thorpe explains. "And that's what we're trying to accomplish."

In May, Thorpe and his brother Richard, the only two surviving children of Jim Thorpe, joined a lawsuit against the town for possession of their father's remains.

The lawsuit was first filed last year by Jim Thorpe's youngest son, Jack, who died in February.

A Rose-Colored Tomb

A steady stream of cars and motorcycles drives by Jim Thorpe's memorial along Pennsylvania Route 903 in Jim Thorpe, Pa.

Thorpe's rose-colored granite tomb sits on a grassy field, where two larger-than-life bronze statues of Thorpe holding a football and discus also stand guard.

Kmetz stands behind the tomb, surveying the memorial site with the attention of a devoted caretaker. He spots a minivan of out-of-towners turning off the driveway around Thorpe's tomb and driving on the grass.

"That's what you call a lack of respect," Kmetz says with a sigh. "Maybe somebody will drive on their grave one day."

He admits Jim Thorpe has not brought the droves of tourists needed to spur the town's local economy. But, Kmetz says, he has given the town of Jim Thorpe its identity — and a point of pride.

Related NPR Stories

Correction Aug. 3, 2011

A previous Web version of this story incorrectly said that Jim Thorpe's eldest living son, William, was from his first marriage. William Thorpe is actually the son of Jim Thorpe and his second wife.



Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and terms of use, and will be moderated prior to posting. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.