In China, Anger Spreads Over Government Land Grabs

In a rare mass protest, thousands of people from the besieged village of Wukan, China, gather to demonstrate against what they say are illegal land seizures by the government. The villagers accuse local officials of selling 6.5 square miles of their land to boost government revenues.

In a rare mass protest, thousands of people from the besieged village of Wukan, China, gather to demonstrate against what they say are illegal land seizures by the government. The villagers accuse local officials of selling 6.5 square miles of their land to boost government revenues. Louisa Lim/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Louisa Lim/NPR

Residents of the southern Chinese village of Wukan have been in open rebellion against the local government over land seizures. The village has been sealed off by police and paramilitary troops. Meanwhile, nearby villages also accuse corrupt officials of selling off their land, and anger is growing. Louisa Lim was one of the few journalists to enter the besieged village of Wukan.

As we travel through the village of Wukan, the motorbike driver waves at a swath of green fields and says, "It's all been sold."

These words are repeated again and again as we hurtle around the village. The residents here accuse local officials of selling 6.5 square miles of their land to developers to fill government coffers. They say it happened without compensation for the villagers, who didn't even realize their land had been sold.

"We used to survive on our land," says my driver. "Now we have nothing left."

The villagers in Wukan have been protesting for days. They drove out local authorities and set up barricades at the edge of the village. Police, meanwhile, have sealed off the village. As a result, villagers are having to sneak in supplies, including chickens.

 "I will not regret it even if I die for the interests of the villagers," says Lin Zulian, one of the representatives of villagers in Wukan. He has been named as a criminal suspect following a village protest in September. i i

"I will not regret it even if I die for the interests of the villagers," says Lin Zulian, one of the representatives of villagers in Wukan. He has been named as a criminal suspect following a village protest in September. Louisa Lim/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Louisa Lim/NPR
 "I will not regret it even if I die for the interests of the villagers," says Lin Zulian, one of the representatives of villagers in Wukan. He has been named as a criminal suspect following a village protest in September.

"I will not regret it even if I die for the interests of the villagers," says Lin Zulian, one of the representatives of villagers in Wukan. He has been named as a criminal suspect following a village protest in September.

Louisa Lim/NPR

The villagers have blocked the roads with tree trunks and covered the pavement with broken glass and piles of bricks to throw, should the authorities move in.

So far, four villagers have been named as criminal suspects. One died in police custody. Another, Lin Zulian, says the village can't back down now.

"I will not regret it, even if I die for the interests of the villagers," Lin says. "It is the party's obligation and everybody's obligation to fight corruption. To do so, we must use the weapons provided by the legal system to fight to the end."

Lin is not a natural rebel. He joined the Communist Party in 1965 and was a village official for eight years. But he can no longer stand by and watch.

"It has been 20 years of loss, and it is not just the villager's loss," Lin says. "It is besmirching the face of China's Communist Party."

At the village square, thousands of people, both young and old, gather to shout slogans. It is an extraordinary sight in China.

They yell, "Down with corruption!" But they also say, "Long live the Communist Party!"

The villagers emphasize they don't want to overthrow the Communist Party. They're just against corrupt local officials, and they think the central government can save them.

Land Seizures In Neighboring Villages

That's what Wang Wentao, who's watching the rally, had been hoping, too. But he was imprisoned twice after trying to petition the central government about the plight of his village.

He's from Xincuo, six miles away, where a plot of land the size of 37 soccer fields has been requisitioned by local officials. Wang says Wukan's tactics wouldn't work in his village.

"We couldn't do this because too many people have been bought off by our local village chief," Wang says. "He won people over by paying them."

And there is a clear warning not to follow Wukan's lead. The local television channel is on a constant loop with footage that accuses Wukan's representatives of, among other things, organizing riots and disrupting public order.

In Longguang village, also known as Longtou, just four miles away, farmers show me the land they said was stolen from them 16 years ago.

The Chinese national flag rises over villagers' barricades in Wukan. Tree trunks and broken glass are strewn in the road in an attempt to prevent authorities from moving in. i i

The Chinese national flag rises over villagers' barricades in Wukan. Tree trunks and broken glass are strewn in the road in an attempt to prevent authorities from moving in. Louisa Lim/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Louisa Lim/NPR
The Chinese national flag rises over villagers' barricades in Wukan. Tree trunks and broken glass are strewn in the road in an attempt to prevent authorities from moving in.

The Chinese national flag rises over villagers' barricades in Wukan. Tree trunks and broken glass are strewn in the road in an attempt to prevent authorities from moving in.

Louisa Lim/NPR

It's a vast plot the size of 55 soccer fields, which the farmers claim was protected farmland. It's never been built upon, although a large gray wall enclosing the land was erected.

In September, about a thousand angry villagers knocked down the wall as a first step toward reclaiming their land. They remember that day with pride — and now fear.

"Officials said we knocked the wall down illegally and we are an illegal organization," says one man, who did not want his name used because he feared repercussions. "Now they want to arrest our village representatives. We are very scared."

Another villager, who also asked for anonymity, emphasizes that the problem is not isolated.

"The whole township is like this. Every village's land has been sold off by its officials," he says, and most residents can reel off lists of villages with their own stories of uncompensated land seizures.

In recent years, land sales have made up an increasing portion of local government revenues, by some estimates as much as 70 percent last year.

So the anger at these land grabs is not just local — it's national. Land seizures are one of the biggest sources of discontent.

Official figures from Xinhua news agency show more than 40 million Chinese farmers have lost land, with 2 million more being dispossessed every year.

The majority of those landless farmers, 60 percent, now have trouble making a living. Here in Wukan, this issue has come to a head. And because so many villages have their own grievances, concessions by one local authority would only increase the pressure on others.

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