Courtesy of Keen
Tom Fitzgerald (left) and Shawn Dietel (center) look on as Richard Dietel operates a machine at Keen's shoe factory in Portland, Ore. The 15,000-square-foot facility houses two production lines.
The American economy lost more than 5,000 jobs to offshore outsourcing in 2010, and in Tuesday's State of the Union address President Obama made it clear that he wants them back.
"We can't bring every job back that's left our shores," he said. "But right now, it's getting more expensive to do business in places like China. Meanwhile, America is more productive."
James Curleigh, CEO of the Portland, Ore.-based footwear company Keen, knows exactly what Obama is talking about. In 2010, Curleigh opened a workboot factory in Portland; today it employs 30 people. Keen still produces most of its shoes in Asia, but Curleigh says starting to manufacture in the U.S. was a big step.
Curleigh tells NPR's Robert Siegel that duty rates, transportation costs, intellectual property and development costs all played a role in deciding to open a plant in the U.S. rather than using a plant in China. He says that if you look at just the money, the move makes sense. But there were also other factors to consider.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, approximately 27,000 American jobs were lost to offshore outsourcing from 2008 to 2010. Now, the White House is leading an effort to promote insourcing, which it defines as companies acting to keep jobs in the U.S. or bring jobs back from overseas.
Some of the companies the White House has recognized for insourcing include:
Ford: Last year, Ford announced its commitment to adding 12,000 manufacturing jobs by 2015, some of which will be insourced from Mexico, China and Japan.
Master Lock: Over the past 18 months, Master Lock moved about 100 jobs from offshore locations back to its Milwaukee factory.
GalaxE Solutions: The company's "Outsource to Detroit" initiative aims at creating 500 skilled IT jobs in downtown Detroit.
"The broader picture is looking at the dynamics of what's happening over in Asia and other parts of the world where we see labor rates increasing at a significant rate," Curleigh says. "We also see vertical integration of our factories being closer-linked to commodities and materials."
But vertical integration overseas wasn't always in Keen's best interest. So Keen used the launch of a new utility steel-toed-boot line to start bringing jobs home.
"When you think about a category of steel-toe, you think about built in America, you think about Americans building things," he says. "By building a factory here in Portland, Ore., we were able to say we completely understand labor dynamics, overhead dynamics, the shift from manual to automation. And as a result ... when we speak to our other sourcing partners, we're much more educated to be able to make better decisions in the interest of cost reduction and quality improvement."
It's a change Curleigh believes Keen fans will appreciate. Part of the company's ethos is, after all, to care for the world around it.
"Just the fact that we have an effort ... that creates product in America I think is important," Curleigh says. "It's the classic 'One small step for insourcing in America and one giant leap for Keen.' "