The Shipping Forecast: From Britain's Seas Into Its Soul

  • The British Isles are an archipelago measuring about 900 miles from top to toe, with a history tied inextricably to the waters that surround them. This image from circa 1887 shows the Battleship HMS Victoria sailing past the Swing Bridge at Newcastle upon Tyne, where it was built. The area, on England's northeast coast, was once a major shipping and shipbuilding hub.
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    The British Isles are an archipelago measuring about 900 miles from top to toe, with a history tied inextricably to the waters that surround them. This image from circa 1887 shows the Battleship HMS Victoria sailing past the Swing Bridge at Newcastle upon Tyne, where it was built. The area, on England's northeast coast, was once a major shipping and shipbuilding hub.
    Hulton Archive/Getty Images
  • Cunard's legendary trans-Atlantic liner, the Mauretania (shown here circa 1925), was built on the Tyne — which shares a name with one of the 31 sea areas covered by BBC's beloved Shipping Forecast bulletin.
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    Cunard's legendary trans-Atlantic liner, the Mauretania (shown here circa 1925), was built on the Tyne — which shares a name with one of the 31 sea areas covered by BBC's beloved Shipping Forecast bulletin.
    Fox Photos/Getty Images
  • This image circa 1950 shows ships in the harbor at Newcastle upon Tyne, which served as a transport hub for huge quantities of coal from the mines of northern England. The community there is still adjusting to the collapse of the coal-mining and shipbuilding industries.
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    This image circa 1950 shows ships in the harbor at Newcastle upon Tyne, which served as a transport hub for huge quantities of coal from the mines of northern England. The community there is still adjusting to the collapse of the coal-mining and shipbuilding industries.
    Getty Images
  • Lundy Island, shown here in 1969, is in another sea area covered by the Shipping Forecast.
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    Lundy Island, shown here in 1969, is in another sea area covered by the Shipping Forecast.
    George H. Hales/Getty Images
  • Lundy Island is off the coast of Devon in southwest England. It's a block of granite that's just 3 miles long and half a mile wide.
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    Lundy Island is off the coast of Devon in southwest England. It's a block of granite that's just 3 miles long and half a mile wide.
    Philip Reeves/NPR
  • The island — with soaring cliffs up to 400 feet high — has only 28 permanent residents; no cars are allowed there.
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    The island — with soaring cliffs up to 400 feet high — has only 28 permanent residents; no cars are allowed there.
    Philip Reeves/NPR
  • Boats such as this one shuttle passengers between the coast of southwest England and Lundy Island.
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    Boats such as this one shuttle passengers between the coast of southwest England and Lundy Island.
    Philip Reeves/NPR
  • The tides in waters off Lundy Island are among the biggest on the planet.
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    The tides in waters off Lundy Island are among the biggest on the planet.
    Philip Reeves/NPR
  • Hastings, on England's south coast, is an ancient town that overlooks the English Channel. The fishing fleet there launches from the beach, not a harbor. This image from 1933 shows a fleet of small boats hauled up onto the beach.
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    Hastings, on England's south coast, is an ancient town that overlooks the English Channel. The fishing fleet there launches from the beach, not a harbor. This image from 1933 shows a fleet of small boats hauled up onto the beach.
    Fox Photos/Getty Images
  • Fisherman Teddy Head tells a story to a group of children while mending his nets in Hastings in 1952. The fishermen of Hastings are tightknit; fathers, brothers and sons work together in rugged boats no more than about 30 feet long. Some families in Hastings have worked this way for centuries.
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    Fisherman Teddy Head tells a story to a group of children while mending his nets in Hastings in 1952. The fishermen of Hastings are tightknit; fathers, brothers and sons work together in rugged boats no more than about 30 feet long. Some families in Hastings have worked this way for centuries.
    Fred Morley/Getty Images
  • Children throw stones into the sea at Hastings in 1931.
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    Children throw stones into the sea at Hastings in 1931.
    Fox Photos/Getty Images
  • A family relaxes near fishing boats on the Hastings seafront in 2009.
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    A family relaxes near fishing boats on the Hastings seafront in 2009.
    Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images
  • There's a campaign underway in Hastings to stop the authorities from allocating the lion's share of fish quotas to big boats, in an effort to protect smaller, family-run operations. Many fear the local fleet is dying out, as fishing families face intense economic pressures — and many sons no longer can afford to follow in their fathers' footsteps.
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    There's a campaign underway in Hastings to stop the authorities from allocating the lion's share of fish quotas to big boats, in an effort to protect smaller, family-run operations. Many fear the local fleet is dying out, as fishing families face intense economic pressures — and many sons no longer can afford to follow in their fathers' footsteps.

    Philip Reeves/NPR

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It is a bizarre nightly ritual that is deeply embedded in the British way of life.

You switch off the TV, lock up the house, slip into bed, turn on your radio, and begin to listen to a mantra, delivered by a soothing, soporific voice.

"Viking, North Utsire, South Utsire, Forties, Cromarty, Forth, Tyne, Dogger ...." says the voice.

You are aware — vaguely — that these delicious words are names, and that those names refer to big blocks of sea around your island nation, stretching all the way up to Iceland and down to North Africa.

The BBC's beloved Shipping Forecast bulletin covers 31 sea areas, the names of which have inspired poets, artists and singers and become embedded into the national psyche. i i

hide captionThe BBC's beloved Shipping Forecast bulletin covers 31 sea areas, the names of which have inspired poets, artists and singers and become embedded into the national psyche.

BBC
The BBC's beloved Shipping Forecast bulletin covers 31 sea areas, the names of which have inspired poets, artists and singers and become embedded into the national psyche.

The BBC's beloved Shipping Forecast bulletin covers 31 sea areas, the names of which have inspired poets, artists and singers and become embedded into the national psyche.

BBC

Your mind begins to swoop across the landscape, sleepily checking the shorelines, from the gray waters of the English Channel to the steely turbulence of the Atlantic.

Somewhere, deep in your memory, stir echoes of British history — of invasions from across the sea by Vikings, Romans and Normans; of battles with Napoleon's galleons and Hitler's U-boats.

Finally, as the BBC's Shipping Forecast bulletin draws to a close, you nod off, complacent in the knowledge that whatever storms are blasting away on the oceans out there, you're in your pajamas, sensibly tucked up at home.

The fact that you know nothing much about the sea, and cannot tell a freighter from a futtock (part of a wooden hull), is beside the point.

For you, listening to the BBC's Shipping Forecast every night is about something else entirely.

You're paying homage to an institution that is as much part of the jigsaw that makes up Britain's national culture as drizzle and warm beer.

Why does the Shipping Forecast mean so much to so many in the U.K.?

For one, the weather still actually matters for many coastal communities, such as the tiny island of Lundy off southwest England, home to 28 people. There's the Tyne in the northeast — one of the 31 sea areas that feature in the forecast — once a maritime hub for Britain's mighty coal and shipbuilding industries where the "Geordies" are now striving to find a new role for their community. And in the ancient southern seaside town of Hastings, the same families have been fishing for centuries.

But for many Britons, the Shipping Forecast is much more significant than a weather bulletin for the fishermen and sailors who make their living from the oceans.

A very large number of regular listeners are landlubbers. They are, however, fiercely loyal.

BBC Radio 4 broadcasts the Shipping Forecast four times a day, but the late-night bulletin — shortly before 1 a.m. — possesses a particular mystique. It's not uncommon for listeners to ask for the music that introduces it — "Sailing By" — to be played at their funerals.

A few years back, when someone suggested changing the bulletin's timing by just 12 minutes, there were angry speeches in Parliament and indignant newspaper editorials.

Listeners brandishing banners demonstrated outside the BBC's London headquarters. The idea was eventually abandoned.

A Mysterious, And Inspiring, Appeal

Exactly why the Shipping Forecast is held in such affectionate esteem by the British public is a topic of considerable discussion in the U.K.

Many people compare the forecast with listening to poetry. The BBC's Arlene Fleming is one of the presenters of the forecast: "It is poetry! ... There is a natural rhythm to it," she says, "just like the sea."

This may help explain why the Shipping Forecast has enthused so many artists over the years.

It has inspired poetry by neighboring Ireland's late, great Seamus Heaney and also Britain's Poet Laureate Carol Anne Duffy. It arises in art; it's referenced in TV shows, movies and songs — such as Blur's "This is a Low," and Thomas Dolby's "Windpower," which actually ends with a sample from a broadcast.

A snippet from the bulletin cropped up in Danny Boyle's widely acclaimed opening ceremony of the 2012 London Olympics. Comedians aplenty have tried their hands at parodies of the forecast.

Peter Jefferson presented the Shipping Forecast on the BBC's airwaves for 40 years.

In his book And Now The Shipping Forecast, Jefferson offers this explanation: "There is something in many of us that likes the certainties of life and is averse to change.

"The Shipping Forecast is a comfort, a given, a sign that maybe, just maybe, everything is alright with the world after all — until the next day dawns, anyway — but that's a few hours of delicious sleep away! Time for the febrile mind to repair itself, rest, chill out, relax and take gentle stock of things."

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