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In Memoriam 2015

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In Memoriam 2015

Music

In Memoriam 2015

In Memoriam 2015

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Many musical voices fell silent in 2015. We lost soul singers and opera stars, blues and folk guitarists, saxophonists and percussionists, plus composers, conductors, producers, and other visionaries. Explore their musical legacies here.

Diane Charlemagne: The voice of drum'n'bass
Getty Images/Redferns
Diane Charlemagne: The voice of drum'n'bass
Getty Images/Redferns

Diane Charlemagne

Feb. 22, 1964 — Oct. 28, 2015

Her name was not the stuff of bright marquees, but through the U.K. dance-music explosion beginning in the 1990s, this electronic-soul singer was the featured voice on massive club tracks and at live shows by the likes of Goldie, Moby and Satoshi Tomiie.

Diane Charlemagne: 'Inner City Life' (Goldie)

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Ornette Coleman: Jazz's redefiner
Rob Verhorst/Redferns/Getty Images
Ornette Coleman: Jazz's redefiner
Rob Verhorst/Redferns/Getty Images

Ornette Coleman

March 9, 1930 — June 11, 2015

When he first showed up, he broke so many rules of jazz that people questioned his sanity. Slowly, as the beautiful, unbound melodies introduced by his knife-edged saxophone remained in liquid currency, we realized that he had rewritten the rulebook.

Ornette Coleman: 'Lonely Woman'

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Andrae Crouch: Gospel music's modernist
Rob Verhorst/Redferns/Getty Images
Andrae Crouch: Gospel music's modernist
Rob Verhorst/Redferns/Getty Images

Andrae Crouch

July 1, 1942 — Jan. 8, 2015

With new gospel classics like "Soon and Very Soon" and "Through It All," this singer, pianist and choir leader infused his compositions with the spirit of modern sounds, bringing gospel music into a new era — and influencing pop stars from Michael Jackson to Madonna.

Andrae Crouch: 'Soon and Very Soon'

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Jimmy Dickens: The little man with some big hit country records
Michael Buckner/Getty Images
Jimmy Dickens: The little man with some big hit country records
Michael Buckner/Getty Images

Jimmy Dickens

Dec. 19, 1920 — Jan. 2, 2015

He didn't quite clear five feet, but this beloved mentor to both George Jones and Brad Paisley, known for comical songs and winning stagecraft, filled the Grand Ole Opry with charm, cheer and the shine of his rhinestone-studded suits for more than six decades.

Jimmy Dickens: 'Bird of Paradise'

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Mattiwilda Dobbs: Trailblazing coloratura
Metropolitan Opera Archives
Mattiwilda Dobbs: Trailblazing coloratura
Metropolitan Opera Archives

Mattiwilda Dobbs

July 11, 1925 — Dec. 8, 2015

As one of the first African-Americans to enjoy an international opera career, this coloratura from Atlanta, Ga. could spin high-flying roulades with the best of them, in roles like Gilda in Rigoletto, with which she made her Metropolitan Opera debut in 1956.

Mattiwilda Dobbs - Verdi: Rigoletto - 'Caro nome'

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Vic Firth: Entrepreneurial percussionist
Boston Globe/Getty Images
Vic Firth: Entrepreneurial percussionist
Boston Globe/Getty Images

Vic Firth

June 2, 1930 — July 26, 2015

He was a legendary percussionist at the Boston Symphony Orchestra — but Firth also became a household name to drummers around the globe. As an entrepreneur who made drumsticks, mallets brushes and other gear, he built a company whose equipment outfits performers like Charlie Watts and Questlove.

Vic Firth - Stravinsky: Rite of Spring - 'Sacrificial Dance'

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Lesley Gore: New Jersey pop icon
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images
Lesley Gore: New Jersey pop icon
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Lesley Gore

May 2, 1946 — Feb. 16, 2015

Half a century before Beyoncé claimed the word "feminist" as part of a pop star's vocabulary, New Jersey native Gore taught teenagers about women's liberation with her gutsy performance of the anthem "You Don't Own Me" — the crown jewel among her many hits, from "It's My Party" to "Maybe I Know."

Leslie Gore: 'It's My Party'

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Orrin Keepnews: Jazz catalyst and record producer
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images
Orrin Keepnews: Jazz catalyst and record producer
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Orrin Keepnews

March 2, 1923 — March 1, 2015

A winner of four Grammys, this producer, essayist, album notes writer and journalist called himself a "catalyst" for jazz artists — and his output as a producer included collaborations with Thelonious Monk, Bill Evans, Sonny Rollins, Cannonball Adderley, Jimmy Heath and scores of other jazz luminaries.

Orrin Keepnews - Thelonious Monk: 'Well, You Needn't'

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Lemmy Kilmister: Rock's thunder and lightning.
Anders Birch/AFP/Getty Images
Lemmy Kilmister: Rock's thunder and lightning.
Anders Birch/AFP/Getty Images

Lemmy Kilmister

Dec. 24, 1945 — Dec. 28, 2015

No one was or is or can be like Lemmy. His voice rattled like bullets in a barrel and his bass throttled whisky-soaked, revved-up rock 'n' roll. After a brief tenure in Hawkwind (including the band's best album, Space Ritual), he founded Motörhead and gave us the outcast's motto, permanently tattooed on our bodies and in our hearts: "Born to Lose, Live to Win."

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Ben E. King: Soul music's smooth baritone
Rick Eglinton/Toronto Star/Getty Images
Ben E. King: Soul music's smooth baritone
Rick Eglinton/Toronto Star/Getty Images

Ben E. King

Sept. 28, 1938 — April 30, 2015

It's inevitable that people will best remember King for "Stand By Me," his 1961 smash that became one of soul's most popular secular spirituals. Yet he was also one of the lead singers of the great Drifters, with whom he entered the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

Ben E. King: 'Stand By Me'

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B.B. King: Blues Ambassador
Redferns/Jorgen Angel/Getty Images
B.B. King: Blues Ambassador
Redferns/Jorgen Angel/Getty Images

B.B. King

Sept. 16, 1925 — May 14, 2015

He took the blues from his native Mississippi north to Chicago — and his smooth voice and keening guitar bridged generations and cultures. King was on a mission to make his music heard, and he kept performing almost to the end. Along the way, he helped renew interest in a vital American art form.

B.B. King: 'The Thrill is Gone'

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Kurt Masur: Orchestra rebuilder
Ullstein Bild/Getty Images
Kurt Masur: Orchestra rebuilder
Ullstein Bild/Getty Images

Kurt Masur

July 18, 1927 — Dec. 19, 2015

When the New York Philharmonic needed a complete overhaul in the early 1990s, they called on an unlikely leader from East Germany: Masur. Best known for his command of canonical composers like Beethoven and Brahms, he also commissioned some 40 new works for the New Yorkers.

Kurt Masur - Dvorak: Symphony No. 8, III. Allegretto

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Raul Rekow: Groundbreaking conguero
Ethan Miller/Getty Images
Raul Rekow: Groundbreaking conguero
Ethan Miller/Getty Images

Raul Rekow

June 10, 1954 — Nov. 1, 2015

This Bay Area conguero was one of a few who redefined the role of the congas when they were mixed with rock music in the early 1970s. And for almost 40 years, his sound and his ever-present smile were an important part of the Santana band during countless shows around the globe.

Raul Rekow: 'Agua Que Va Caer'

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John Renbourn: England's elegant folk guitarist
David Redfern/Getty Images
John Renbourn: England's elegant folk guitarist
David Redfern/Getty Images

John Renbourn

Aug. 8, 1944 — March 26, 2015

His playing stands out from the rest of the British guitarists who came to prominence in the 1960s. Classically trained, Renbourn took that study — and a love of Renaissance music — and applied it to the electric guitar he often played with Pentangle. But his solo acoustic work can make your jaw drop.

John Renbourn: 'The Pelikan'

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Cynthia Robinson: Family Stone co-founder and exuberant trumpeter
Sherry Rayn Barnett/Getty Images
Cynthia Robinson: Family Stone co-founder and exuberant trumpeter
Sherry Rayn Barnett/Getty Images

Cynthia Robinson

Jan. 12, 1944 — Nov. 23, 2015

"All the squares, go home!" That was the rallying cry of this trumpeter, singer and co-founder of the pivotal funk band Sly & the Family Stone — a groundbreaking artist in an era when being a female, and African-American, horn player in a major band was a singular achievement.

Cynthia Robinson: 'Dance to the Music'

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Doudou N'diaye Rose: Senegal's master drummer
Seyllou/AFP/Getty Images
Doudou N'diaye Rose: Senegal's master drummer
Seyllou/AFP/Getty Images

Doudou N'diaye Rose

July 28, 1930 — Aug. 19, 2015

This master drummer (once named a "living human treasure" by UNESCO) sustained and nurtured local percussion traditions in his native Senegal — but also found common ground playing with such global talents as Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, Peter Gabriel and The Rolling Stones.

DouDou N'Diaye Rose: 'Rose Rhythm'

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Gunther Schuller: Unique alchemist of classical and jazz
Herb Snitzer/Getty Images
Gunther Schuller: Unique alchemist of classical and jazz
Herb Snitzer/Getty Images

Gunther Schuller

Nov. 22, 1925 — June 21, 2015

He once said, "I have simultaneously had seven full-time careers in music." That just about sums up this Pulitzer Prize-winning composer, conductor and educator who bridged classical music and jazz — and collaborated with colleagues ranging from Miles Davis to Frank Zappa.

Gunther Schuller: 'Of Reminiscences and Reflections'

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Billy Sherrill: The creator of "countrypolitan"
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images
Billy Sherrill: The creator of "countrypolitan"
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Billy Sherrill

Nov. 5, 1936 — Aug. 4, 2015

When people talk about "real" country music in 2015, they're almost always invoking the sophisticated, emotionally nuanced hits this songwriter and producer devised, from Tammy Wynette's "Stand By Your Man" to George Jones's "The Grand Tour." Nobody set heartache to strings with as much finesse.

Billy Sherrill: 'Stand By Your Man'

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Percy Sledge: Singer of emotional R&B
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images
Percy Sledge: Singer of emotional R&B
Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Percy Sledge

Nov. 25, 1940 — April 14, 2015

This Alabama native embodied the Muscle Shoals sound. His ability to blend pain and hope within one musical phrase — the quality that made his hit "When a Man Loves a Woman" one of soul's central texts — made his the ideal voice for the crossroads of country and soul.

Percy Sledge: 'When a Man Loves a Woman'

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Ward Swingle (bottom left): The jazzy classicist
Redferns/Getty Images
Ward Swingle (bottom left): The jazzy classicist
Redferns/Getty Images

Ward Swingle

Sept. 21, 1927 — Jan. 19, 2015

Nonfiction wins again: A man named Swingle (pictured bottom left) married J.S. Bach with scat singing. He won five Grammys and inspired both a monument of postmodernism — Sinfonia, composer Luciano Berio's mashup of Mahler and Samuel Beckett — and the sound of Glee.

Ward Swingle - J.S. Bach: 'Fugue in C minor' (Well-Tempered Clavier, Book II)

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Clark Terry: The versatile trumpeter
David Redfern/Getty Images
Clark Terry: The versatile trumpeter
David Redfern/Getty Images

Clark Terry

Dec. 14, 1920 — Feb. 21, 2015

One of the most beloved musicians in jazz, the trumpeter was also one of its most recorded, performing with the big bands of Basie, Ellington and the Tonight Show. Then teaching became his pride, and his joy attracted many disciples including Miles Davis, Quincy Jones and Wynton Marsalis.

Clark Terry: 'Stardust'

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Alan Toussaint: New Orleans' elegant songwriter.
Tim Mosenfelder/Getty Images
Alan Toussaint: New Orleans' elegant songwriter.
Tim Mosenfelder/Getty Images

Allen Toussaint

Jan. 14, 1938 — Nov. 9, 2015

Songwriter, pianist extraordinaire and generous raconteur, Toussaint was the true soul of New Orleans. His songs – "It's Raining," "Working In a Coal Mine," "Yes We Can Can," "Southern Nights" and dozens more — shaped the sound that brought the city into the modern era.

Allen Toussaint: 'It's Raining'

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Jon Vickers: Tenor with a throat of shining steel
Metropolitan Opera Archives
Jon Vickers: Tenor with a throat of shining steel
Metropolitan Opera Archives

Jon Vickers

Oct. 29, 1926 — July 10, 2015

With a penetrating fusion of steel and power, the Canadian tenor's voice was often hailed as one of the greatest of the 20th century, delivering conspicuous intensity to Wagner's heroes or misunderstood outsiders like Britten's Peter Grimes.

Jon Vickers - Britten: Peter Grimes - 'Now the Great Bear and Pleiades'

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Scott Weiland: The troubled rock front man
Tim Mosenfelder/Getty Images
Scott Weiland: The troubled rock front man
Tim Mosenfelder/Getty Images

Scott Weiland

Oct. 27, 1967 — Dec. 3, 2015

Though he first came to prominence during grunge's heyday as a member of Stone Temple Pilots, this charismatic lead singer, and one of American alternative rock's few showmen, transcended the era. In the 21st century, he fronted the hard-rock supergroup Velvet Revolver and became a successful solo artist.

Scott Weiland: 'Big Empty'

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