The band led by drummer Art Blakey (center) groomed more than 150 alumni members, including saxophonist Wayne Shorter and trumpeter Lee Morgan. Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images

Gary Bartz performs at the 1973 Montreux Jazz Festival. The saxophonist is often cited as a messenger of black empowerment in music. David Redfern/Redferns hide caption

itoggle caption David Redfern/Redferns

With many young talents under his tutelage, Art Blakey has often been called the father of hard bop. David Referns/Redferns hide caption

itoggle caption David Referns/Redferns
courtesy of the artist

Art Blakey counts Lee Morgan, Wayne Shorter, Freddie Hubbard and Terence Blanchard among his Jazz Messengers alumni. And that's the short list. Roland Godefroy hide caption

itoggle caption Roland Godefroy