The band led by drummer Art Blakey (center) groomed more than 150 alumni members, including saxophonist Wayne Shorter and trumpeter Lee Morgan. Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images hide caption

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Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images

Gary Bartz performs at the 1973 Montreux Jazz Festival. The saxophonist is often cited as a messenger of black empowerment in music. David Redfern/Redferns hide caption

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David Redfern/Redferns

With many young talents under his tutelage, Art Blakey has often been called the father of hard bop. David Referns/Redferns hide caption

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David Referns/Redferns
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Art Blakey counts Lee Morgan, Wayne Shorter, Freddie Hubbard and Terence Blanchard among his Jazz Messengers alumni. And that's the short list. Roland Godefroy hide caption

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Roland Godefroy

Judging By The Cover: 'United'

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