Fats Waller seemed to pack 10 lifetimes of fun into his 39 years on the planet. Evening Standard/Hulton Archive hide caption

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Lester Young gave Billie Holiday her nickname: "Lady Day." William P. Gottlieb/Library of Congress via flickr.com hide caption

toggle caption William P. Gottlieb/Library of Congress via flickr.com

Art Tatum. Columbia Pictures/Handout/Getty Images hide caption

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NPR's 'Jazz Profiles'

Art Tatum, 'The Musician's Musician'

Count Basie called him "The 8th Wonder of the World" and the clarity and speed of his playing has never been matched.

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