This rare portrait of Bach, by Elias Gottlob Haussmann, hung in John Eliot Gardiner's home during World War II. courtesy of William H. Scheide, Princeton, N.J. hide caption

toggle caption courtesy of William H. Scheide, Princeton, N.J.

An autographed portrait of Ludwig van Beethoven. Hulton Archive/Getty Images hide caption

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Beethoven's Famous 4 Notes: Truly Revolutionary Music

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John Eliot Gardiner leads the Orchestre Revolutionnaire et Romantique and the Monteverdi Choir at Carnegie Hall in New York, NY on November 17, 2012. Melanie Burford for NPR hide caption

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Conductor John Eliot Gardiner has strong opinions about Beethoven. /Chris Christodoulou hide caption

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Beethoven: Symphonies Nos. 4 & 7

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Composer Jennifer Higdon wonders what Beethoven would think of cell phones and Thai food. J.D. Scott hide caption

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Symphony No. 9 in D minor ("Choral"), Op. 125 [2. Molto vivace]

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Mondnacht

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