Wynton Marsalis. Clay Patrick McBride/Jazz at Lincoln Center hide caption

itoggle caption Clay Patrick McBride/Jazz at Lincoln Center

Woody Herman took the stately "Pomp and Circumstance" and made it a party. Photo Illustration: Lars Gotrich; Photos: Keystone/Hulton Archive, iStock. hide caption

itoggle caption Photo Illustration: Lars Gotrich; Photos: Keystone/Hulton Archive, iStock.

Professor Longhair's "Tipitina" is a New Orleans funk staple and a template for the New Orleans piano style. Eric Bookhart/Harvest Records hide caption

itoggle caption Eric Bookhart/Harvest Records

Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe, better known as Jelly Roll Morton. Hulton Archive/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Hulton Archive/Getty Images