Charlie Christian was a forerunner in establishing the musical language of bebop. Greg Murray hide caption

toggle caption Greg Murray

Lester Young gave Billie Holiday her nickname: "Lady Day." William P. Gottlieb/Library of Congress via hide caption

toggle caption William P. Gottlieb/Library of Congress via

American jazz clarinettist and band leader Benny Goodman. Erich Auerbach/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption Erich Auerbach/Getty Images

The NPR 100

'Sing, Sing, Sing'

Benny Goodman's 1938 Carnegie Hall concert legitimized jazz in the eyes of the music establishment.

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