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Mary Lou Williams performs at the Cafe Society in New York in 1947.
William Gottlieb/The Library of Congress
March 29, 2013 Musicians like Lil Hardin Armstrong, Carla Bley and Mary Lou Williams didn't just make it in the historically male-dominated field of jazz: They were the driving forces behind their own bands. Hear five pioneering examples of women who composed for and directed their own groups.
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December 26, 2007 An energetic showman, a gifted singer, a talented actor and a fashion plate, Calloway was a legendary figure in American pop culture. That, and he led one of the greatest bands of the Swing Era.
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