Take Five: A Weekly Jazz Sampler

Tadd Dameron: Bebop Romanticist

Partner content from:Jazz24

Tadd Dameron composed a body of work that helped define and expand the parameters of bebop. i i

hide captionTadd Dameron composed a body of work that helped define and expand the parameters of bebop.

William Gottlieb/Library of Congress via Flickr
Tadd Dameron composed a body of work that helped define and expand the parameters of bebop.

Tadd Dameron composed a body of work that helped define and expand the parameters of bebop.

William Gottlieb/Library of Congress via Flickr

Jazz pianist, arranger and composer Tadd Dameron was born 94 years ago on Feb. 21, 1917, in Cleveland, Ohio. During the 1940s and '50s, after working for several years as an arranger for big bands (including those of Jimmie Lunceford and Count Basie), Dameron focused his considerable compositional talents on the emerging jazz style called bebop. During a relatively brief period, Dameron wrote music that helped define and expand the parameters of this music.

Tenor saxophonist Dexter Gordon called him the "romanticist" of bebop, and many of his compositions live on as jazz standards. In honor of his birthday, here are five Tadd Dameron compositions — some performed by groups led by Dameron, others by artists who've continued to embrace and explore his music long after his death in 1965.

Tadd Dameron: Bebop Romanticist

Cover for Complete Blue Note and Capitol Recordings of Fats Navarro and Tadd Dameron

Fats Navarro and Tadd Dameron

  • Album: Complete Blue Note and Capitol Recordings of Fats Navarro and Tadd Dameron
  • Song: Our Delight

Although trumpeter Fats Navarro gets top billing in the title of the album, this was Dameron's band. As a performer, Dameron always surrounded himself with great players. On this 1947 recording, along with the ground-breaking Navarro, Dameron's band featured Ernie Henry (alto sax), Charlie Rouse (tenor sax), Nelson Boyd (bass) and Shadow Wilson (drums). In the opening of "Our Delight," you can hear an echo of Dameron's big-band days before the sextet bursts into straight-ahead bop.

close

Purchase Featured Music

  • "Our Delight"
  • Album: Complete Blue Note and Capitol Recordings of Fats Navarro and Tadd Dameron
  • Artist: Fats Navarro and Tadd Dameron
  • Label: Blue Note Records
  • Released: 1995
 
Cover for Mating Call

Tadd Dameron and John Coltrane

  • Album: Mating Call
  • Song: On a Misty Night

For this 1956 LP, Dameron put together another notable group, this time with tenor saxophonist John Coltrane (who'd just left Miles Davis' group), drummer Philly Joe Jones and bassist John Simmons. Hearing this beautiful and enduring song, listeners will understand why Dexter Gordon termed Dameron a romanticist. And, of course, it doesn't hurt that Dameron has Coltrane interpreting his lush melody.

close

Purchase Featured Music

  • "On a Misty Night"
  • Album: Mating Call
  • Artist: John Coltrane
  • Label: Prestige Records
  • Released: 1956
 
Cover for Ken Burns Jazz

Sarah Vaughan

  • Album: Ken Burns Jazz
  • Song: If You Could See Me Now

Here, we get a double-dose of Dameron's skills. Not only did he compose this piece (along with lyricist Carl Sigman) for Sarah Vaughan, but he also did the orchestral arrangement you'll hear. The 1946 recording became an early hit for Vaughan, and remained a cornerstone of her repertoire throughout her career.

close

Purchase Featured Music

  • "If You Could See Me Now"
  • Album: Ken Burns Jazz
  • Artist: Sarah Vaughan
  • Label: Verve
  • Released: 2000
 
Cover for Look, Stop and Listen

Philly Joe Jones' Dameronia

  • Album: Look, Stop and Listen
  • Song: Look, Stop and Listen

Tadd Dameron and drummer Philly Joe Jones were the best of friends. In the early 1980s, nearly two decades after Dameron's death, Jones formed a group called Dameronia as a way of paying tribute to his friend's music. The tribute road ran both ways. Dameron had originally written "Look, Stop and Listen" as a showcase for Jones, and he certainly makes the most of it here with a terrific band. This incarnation of Dameronia also included Don Sickler (trumpet/tenor sax), Johnny Griffin (tenor sax), Charles Davis (tenor sax/flute), Frank Wess (alto sax/flute), Walter Davis Jr. (piano), Cecil Payne (baritone sax), Benny Powell (trombone), Virgil Jones (trumpet) and Larry Ridley (bass).

close

Purchase Featured Music

  • "Look, Stop and Listen"
  • Album: Look, Stop and Listen
  • Artist: Philly Joe Jones Dameronia / Philly Joe Jones
  • Label: Uptown
 
Cover for Live At Smalls

Ethan Iverson, Ben Street, Albert Tootie Heath

  • Album: Live At Smalls
  • Song: Good Bait

"Good Bait" was originally written by Dameron for the Count Basie Big Band. Like many Dameron compositions, it has become a jazz standard that musicians continue to explore. This 2010 trio version is led by pianist Ethan Iverson of The Bad Plus, with Ben Street on bass and Tootie Heath on drums. Iverson opens the performance with some rubato acrobatics, but then drops the song into a perfect groove, laying the path for a fine solo from Street. Iverson's solo is, in part, a lovely tribute to Basie's piano style, while Heath holds it all together as only he can.

Live at Smalls is available from Smalls Live.

 

Comments

 

Please keep your community civil. All comments must follow the NPR.org Community rules and Terms of Use. NPR reserves the right to use the comments we receive, in whole or in part, and to use the commenter's name and location, in any medium. See also the Terms of Use, Privacy Policy and Community FAQ.