National Geographic

Photographer Captures Plight Of The Tiger

  • A tiger peers at a camera trap it triggered during an early-morning hunt in the forests of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Tigers can thrive in many habitats, from the frigid Himalayas to tropical mangrove swamps in India and Bangladesh.
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    A tiger peers at a camera trap it triggered during an early-morning hunt in the forests of northern Sumatra, Indonesia. Tigers can thrive in many habitats, from the frigid Himalayas to tropical mangrove swamps in India and Bangladesh.
    Steve Winter/National Geographic
  • Meet Smasher — the male in the background. That's the name Steve Winter gave this youngster, cooling off in a watering hole in Bandhavgarh National Park, after he slapped the automated camera trap until it stopped clicking. Both tigers are thought to have killed people, and Smasher is now in captivity.
    Hide caption
    Meet Smasher — the male in the background. That's the name Steve Winter gave this youngster, cooling off in a watering hole in Bandhavgarh National Park, after he slapped the automated camera trap until it stopped clicking. Both tigers are thought to have killed people, and Smasher is now in captivity.
    Steve Winter/National Geographic
  • In India's Bandhavgarh National Park, a cub bats at a remote-controlled camera car that Winter used to document tigers in action.
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    In India's Bandhavgarh National Park, a cub bats at a remote-controlled camera car that Winter used to document tigers in action.
    Steve Winter/National Geographic
  • Saksit Simcharoen, a Thai researcher, puts his ear to the belly of a pregnant tiger, listening for fetal heartbeats. After measuring, weighing and fitting the sedated tiger with a radio collar, the team will release her back into the wild.
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    Saksit Simcharoen, a Thai researcher, puts his ear to the belly of a pregnant tiger, listening for fetal heartbeats. After measuring, weighing and fitting the sedated tiger with a radio collar, the team will release her back into the wild.
    Steve Winter/National Geographic
  • A tiger mother rests with her 2-month-old cub in Bandhavgarh National Park, where — contrary to the global trend — managers have built up tiger numbers.
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    A tiger mother rests with her 2-month-old cub in Bandhavgarh National Park, where — contrary to the global trend — managers have built up tiger numbers.
    Steve Winter/National Geographic

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Showcasing the perils that tigers face today was a challenging assignment for National Geographic photographer Steve Winter — but not for the reason you might think.

National Geographic

Sure, it's scary walking into the world of killer carnivores, but the seasoned photog has been in many dangerous situations before. Actually, Winter was preoccupied with how he was going to capture compelling photos of an animal that everyone seems to have grown desensitized to. The result appears in National Geographic's December issue.

His answer? Show all sides of the story: The extinction, the threats, the protection and the promise of resurgence.

Fewer than 3,200 tigers exist in the wild today, a result of poachers and habitat loss. The animal is sought for its valuable bones, penis and pelt — mostly for traditional Asian medicines. As director of media for the conservation group Panthera, Winter is passionate about all large cats and works hard to protect them.

With the help of guides and camera traps, he snapped away for two years on a grant from National Geographic's Expeditions Council. The Picture Show leaped at the chance to talk with Winter about his images.

The Picture Show: Can you talk a bit about this assignment?

Steve Winter: "My job was to show the diverse issues surrounding tigers today and show what is being done for their future. But how do I walk out the door and show readers something completely different? My job is to excite people again with an animal we see all the time.

"I think there's a future for tigers, but it was time to bring the issue back to the public and find some images people might not have seen — something that might ignite a spark in the next generation and let them know there is hope."

Why choose these locations?

"The next tiger to go extinct could be the Sumatran tiger. I knew we had to go there. I also went to Thailand. Those tigers are coming back from the brink of extinction. But the [heart of the story] was India. It's the only place you can actually go and see tigers. Many reserves are set up for tourists there."

Do any of these photos stand out to you?

"We learned a zoo tiger had been killed. Its bones and pelt were taken, but the entrails were left. How do you illustrate an empty cage? You're trying to illustrate the fact that someone had the audacity to murder an animal. They murdered this tiger under the noses of everyone.

Dara Arista, 8, holds a photo of Sheila in front of the tiger's cage at the zoo in Jambi, Indonesia. Poachers had slaughtered Sheila during the night. i i

Dara Arista, 8, holds a photo of Sheila in front of the tiger's cage at the zoo in Jambi, Indonesia. Poachers had slaughtered Sheila during the night. Steve Winter/National Geographic hide caption

itoggle caption Steve Winter/National Geographic
Dara Arista, 8, holds a photo of Sheila in front of the tiger's cage at the zoo in Jambi, Indonesia. Poachers had slaughtered Sheila during the night.

Dara Arista, 8, holds a photo of Sheila in front of the tiger's cage at the zoo in Jambi, Indonesia. Poachers had slaughtered Sheila during the night.

Steve Winter/National Geographic

"Two days later, we were at the zoo on a Sunday, and here's all these children coming to see the tiger. I asked this little girl to hold this picture up of the tiger. There was still blood in the cage.

"The picture illustrates what's worth more dead than alive. Tigers have to have a value in our society. They have to be worth more alive than dead. That was one of the most disgusting representations of humanity that I've ever seen."

Did they catch the poacher?

"They caught him. The guy took a bus. He got 100 bucks for the job. If you take a tiger apart, you can get $50,000 to $150,000 to sell his bones."

What's one thing Panthera is doing to help tigers?

"We look at large landscapes for tigers to live, not just pockets. The adults have to leave when they get older. If there's not a safe place for them to travel through, they could be taken out by poachers or by retaliation from angry villagers. We need to give them the opportunity to walk a safe corridor to a new place.

"Panthera set a goal to increase tiger numbers in key spots by 50 percent over 10 years."

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