June 18, 1964:
Goldwater's views included opposition to the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona, the clear frontrunner for the Republican presidential nomination, announces on the Senate floor that he will vote against the civil rights bill.
Goldwater specifically objects to the public accommodations and employment parts of the bill, calling them an usurption of power by the federal government and says they "require for their effective execution the creation of a police state."
He reiterates that he is opposed to discrimination of any kind, and points out that he voted for the civil rights bills of 1957 and 1960. But he says his conscience cannot let him vote for a bill he argues is clearly unconstitutional.
The next day, by a vote of 73-27, the Senate passes the bill. President Johnson will sign it into law on July 2.
Goldwater will win the GOP presidential nomination on the first ballot in San Francisco on July 15. He will suffer a crushing defeat in November at the hands of Johnson.
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