International

British Infertility Researcher Robert Edwards Wins Nobel Prize

Human embryos developing in vitro.

Human embryos developing in vitro. Nobelprize.org hide caption

itoggle caption Nobelprize.org

The 2010 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine goes to Robert G. Edwards. He's cited for work on in vitro fertilization therapies, leading to the birth of 'test tube' babies. Edwards worked with the late Patrick Steptoe, and their efforts led to the birth of Louise Brown, who arrived July 25, 1978. Since then, the Nobel Committee believes four million people have followed her. Edwards is a professor emeritus at the University of Cambridge, England.

Who picks the Physiology-Medicine winner?

The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet is responsible for the choice of the Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine from among the candidates recommended by the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine.

The Prize is worth $1.5 million dollars.

SUPREME COURT TERM BEGINS TODAY

The newest member of the Supreme Court, Justice Elena Kagan, is on the nation's highest court as its newest term opens today. NPR's Nina Totenberg attended Kagan's formal investiture over the weekend. Nina also notes Kagan has had to recuse herself from 25 cases because of her last job as U.S. Solicitor General.

NEW ATTACK ON NATO TANKER TRUCKS

A Pakistani police officer helps fire fighters to extinguish burning oil tankers early Monday, Oct.

A Pakistani police officer helps fire fighters to extinguish burning oil tankers early Monday, Oct. 4, 2010. Anjum Naveed/Associated Press hide caption

itoggle caption Anjum Naveed/Associated Press

NPR's Anthony Kuhn reports for NPR Newscasts suspected insurgents burned about 20 fuel tanker trucks in Pakistan that were driving toward Afghanistan. They're carrying fuel for NATO.  Some of the truck drivers were killed in the attacks. The convoy was headed for a border crossing that's Pakistan closed last week, objecting to a NATO's pursuit of insurgents that also left Pakistani border guards dead. NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen expressed regret for the guards' deaths and says an investigation is underway. The Pakistani Foreign Ministry says it will reopen the border crossing when 'security reasons are addressed'. No date is set.

VERIZON WIRELESS TO REFUND CUSTOMERS

The cell phone corporation says clients who didn't have data packages but were still charged for accessing the web will get refunds. The company says most refunds will be between $2 and $6. The move comes after the FCC heard from furious consumers who'd complained to Verizon Wireless but were still billed. The L.A. Times says customers usually saw two kinds of mistakes:

Most were assessed a $1.99 monthly fee for data service they did not order. For example, customers who tried out the free demo version of an application on their cellphones were hit with the fee. A smaller group was charged for accessing the Internet, even if users did so by mistakenly hitting a button and backing out of the service right away.

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