by Robert K. Massie
Catherine The Great: Empress of Russia Catherine II championed the ideas of the Enlightenment during her 34-year reign.
Hulton Archive/Getty Images
November 5, 2011 Biographer Robert Massie explains how Catherine II read books to escape the misery of her unhappy marriage. When she became empress in 1762, she championed the ideals of the French Enlightenment during her 34-year reign over Russia.
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