Rare Earth

Why Complex Life Is Uncommon in the Universe

by Peter Douglas Ward, Donald Brownlee and Donadl Brownlee

Rare Earth

Paperback, 335 pages, Springer Verlag, List Price: $16.95 | purchase


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Book Summary

Argues that, while primitive organisms such as microbes are likely abundant in the universe, advanced life and multicellular organisms are incredibly rare, as they require a myriad of special circumstances to survive.

NPR stories about Rare Earth

This artist's concept illustrates Kepler-47, the first transiting circumbinary system — multiple planets orbiting two suns — 4,900 light-years from Earth, in the constellation Cygnus.

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