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    Near the beginning of the opera, it's December 23rd, 1914, and the three nationalities of soldiers in this story are lined up for a chorus — Scottish in front, French in the rear and Germans in the middle.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    Shots are fired as the French and Scottish soldiers fail miserably in their attempt to storm a German bunker.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    In the French bunker, the soldiers are tired and dragging. They sing the "Sleep Chorus" as snow begins to fall.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    Father Palmer (Troy Cook, right) comforts Scottish soldier Jonathan Dale (John Robert Lindsey), who laments the loss of his brother in the battle.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Operal
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    It's Christmas Eve on the battlefield. German opera singer Nikolaus Sprink (William Burden, center) wades into no man's land with a small Christmas tree, inspiring a sudden cease-fire. He's accompanied by Scotsman Lieutenant Gordon (Gabriel Preisser, left) and German Lieutenant Horstmayer (Craig Irvin).
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    Father Palmer (Troy Cook, center) reads from the Bible in a memorial service for the dead soldiers.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    Anna Sørensen (Karin Wolverton) tells the German Lieutenant Horstmayer that she and her lover, Nicholas Sprink, are prepared to defect and turn themselves into the French as prisoners of war.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    French, German and Scottish soldiers sing choruses in their native languages as they write home.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    The French Lieutenant Audebert (Liam Bonner) contemplates the surprising, and welcomed, cease-fire.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera
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    Near the end of the opera, the German soldiers — led by A. J. Glueckert as Kronprinz, son of Kaiser Wilhelm II (far right), and Craig Irvin as Lieutenant Horstmayer (left) — prepare to be shipped off to the Russian front.
    Michal Daniel/Minnesota Opera

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Classics in Concert

Hear The Opera That Just Won The PulitzerMPR

Listen: Prolgue & Act 1

Listen: Act 2

Listen: Act 248:08


New York-based composer and Peabody Institute faculty member Kevin Puts has won the Pulitizer Prize for music with Silent Night, his first opera. The work received its world premiere in November at the Minnesota Opera in St. Paul.

Pulitzer officials described Silent Night as "a stirring opera that recounts the true story of a spontaneous cease-fire among Scottish, French and Germans during World War I, displaying versatility of style and cutting straight to the heart."

Minnesota Opera commissioned Puts to write Silent Night with librettist Mark Campbell and came up with the idea of basing it on the screenplay by Christian Carion for the Oscar-nominated 2005 French film Joyeux Nöel, which dramatized actual events. (You can read the opera's synopsis here.)

The 40-year-old composer says it's his first opera. "I'm still learning about the voice and how to write most idiomatically for it," Puts said in a phone interview. "My music has become more and more lyrical over the years, so it wasn't too much of a stretch."

What was a challenge for Puts was the variety of tongues — there are scenes in Silent Night sung in German, French, English, Italian and Latin. "Getting my head around the language was the biggest challenge of the opera," he said.

Much of the opera is set in the trenches of a Belgian battlefield during the days before Christmas 1914. On Christmas Eve, music comes from the French and Scottish bunkers as soldiers celebrate the holiday. An opera-singing German soldier responds with a Christmas song, and before long white flags wave and a temporary truce is brokered. In the end, generals admonish their soldiers for giving in and the battlefield is emptied as snow begins to fall.

As soon as Puts watched the film, he could envision the scenes unfolding onstage. His love of cinema affected the rhythm of his opera.

"I didn't want to let go of the audience," Puts said. "I wanted to keep a grip on them for the entire duration. Some scenes overlap. I wanted to create a sense of dreamlike continuity as you move from bunker to bunker. And that is a sort of cinematic influence."

A native of St. Louis, Puts studied at the Eastman School of Music with Samuel Adler and Pulitzer winner Joseph Schwantner, before moving on to Yale for a master's degree, where he studied under Jacob Druckman and David Lang, who have also won Pulitzers. Puts returned to Eastman for his doctorate.

Puts teaches composition at Peabody and has composed an impressive body of work including symphonies, concertos and chamber music performed throughout the U.S. and abroad. He began working on Silent Night with Campbell in 2009.

"The first thought I had when I started writing measure 1 was that it is was so exciting that I wanted it to go well enough that I could write another opera," Puts said. "The medium is so exciting to me."

The Cast:


Nikolaus Sprink, an opera singer - William Burden

Anna Sørensen, his lover - Karin Wolverton

Lieutenant Horstmayer - Craig Irvin

Kronprinz, son of Kaiser Wilhelm II - A. J. Glueckert


Jonathan Dale - John Robert Lindsey

William Dale, his brother - Michael Nyby

Father Palmer - Troy Cook

Lieutenant Gordon - Gabriel Preisser

The British Major - Joseph Beutel


Lieutenant Audebert - Liam Bonner

Ponchel, his aide-de-camp - Andrew Wilkowske

The General - Ben Wager

Madeleine, Lt. Audebert's wife - Angela Mortellaro

Creative Team:

Conductor - Michael Christie

Stage Director and Dramaturg - Eric Simonson

Set Designer - Francis O'Connor

Costume Designer - Kärin Kopischke

Lighting Designer - Marcus Dilliard

Projection Designer - Andrzej Goulding

Audio recorded and mixed by Rob Byers

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