Edna O'Brien is pictured here with her husband, the writer Ernest Gebler, in London in 1959. O'Brien's first novel, The Country Girls, was published a year later. Edna O'Brien/Little, Brown and Co. hide caption

itoggle caption Edna O'Brien/Little, Brown and Co.

Jamaica Kincaid, author of numerous works of fiction and nonfiction, lives in Vermont. Kenneth Noland/Farrar, Straus and Giroux hide caption

itoggle caption Kenneth Noland/Farrar, Straus and Giroux

Ian McEwan's other books include Solar, For You and On Chesil Beach. Eamonn McCabe/Courtesy of Nan A. Talese/Doubleday hide caption

itoggle caption Eamonn McCabe/Courtesy of Nan A. Talese/Doubleday

Christopher Hitchens, who died in December 2011 from complications related to esophageal cancer, was a columnist for Vanity Fair, and the author of Hitch-22 and God Is Not Great. Brooks Kraft/Corbis hide caption

itoggle caption Brooks Kraft/Corbis