Iraqis follow a June 14 parliamentary session on local TV at a barbershop in Baghdad. Sabah Arar/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Sabah Arar/AFP/Getty Images

The massive Ataturk Dam (shown here in 1992), in southeast Turkey, harnesses water for one of the biggest irrigation and electric power schemes in the world. A drought and other factors have created an acute water shortage in the Middle East, and resentment in countries downstream from Turkey is growing. Ed Kashi/Corbis hide caption

itoggle caption Ed Kashi/Corbis

Adilla Finchaan, 50, checks her drought-stricken land in Latifiyah, about 20 miles south of Baghdad, in this photo taken in July 2009. Below-average rainfall and insufficient water in the Euphrates and Tigris rivers — something the Iraqis have blamed on upstream dams in Turkey and Syria — have left Iraq bone-dry for a second straight year. Hadi Mizban/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Hadi Mizban/AP

The markets of Aleppo brim with fresh vegetables and spices. Deborah Amos/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Deborah Amos/NPR