The Durban Children's hospital opened in 1931, as a facility for all races, but tensions during the apartheid era forced it to close in the 1980s. Courtesy of KwaZulu-Natal Children's Hospital hide caption

toggle caption Courtesy of KwaZulu-Natal Children's Hospital

South African Children's Hospital Closed Under Apartheid To Reopen

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/161274026/161670102" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Doreen Ramogola-Masire, an obstetrician-gynecologist in Botswana, hopes that a simple, quick screen for cervical cancer with vinegar will catch the disease early and save women's lives. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

Botswana Doctors Stop Cervical Cancer With A Vinegar Swab

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/161264247/161369261" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A doctor examines chest X-rays at a tuberculosis clinic in Gugulethu, Cape Town, South Africa in late 2007. The number of TB cases that don't respond to both first- and second-line medications is rising worldwide. Karin Schermbrucker /AP hide caption

toggle caption Karin Schermbrucker /AP

A mobile clinic set up to test students for HIV is parked near Madwaleni High School in Mtubatuba, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa on March 8, 2011. Parts of the South African province have HIV rates that are more than twice the national average. Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

toggle caption Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images

Amid An AIDS Epidemic, South Africa Battles Another Foe: Tuberculosis

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/157434988/157442166" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Health care workers in South Africa speak to residents during a door-to-door AIDS awareness campaign, part of a series of prevention efforts that has helped lower the country's HIV infection rate. Mujahid Safodien /Reuters /Landov hide caption

toggle caption Mujahid Safodien /Reuters /Landov

Prevention Programs Curb New HIV Infections In South Africa

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/157297530/157342119" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Anti-AIDS posters hang in the Eshowe public health clinic in South Africa's Kwazulu-Natal province. Clinicians there are hoping to slow the spread of HIV by getting more people treatment. Jason Beaubien /NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien /NPR

After Years Lost, South Africa Rejuvenates HIV Plan

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/157179134/157185971" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Drag queens at an outdoor restaurant in Copacabana incorporate safe sex messages into a show of lip-synced songs and risque jokes. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

Activists Fear Brazil's Triumph Over HIV Has Fizzled

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/157059273/157087544" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Longtime AIDS activist Dr. Ashraf Grimwood says South Africa has made huge strides in confronting HIV. But he worries that giving anti-retroviral drugs to healthy people could have negative consequences in the long term. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

Anti-AIDS posters at the Eshowe public health clinic in Kwazulu Natal, South Africa. Clinicians there are hoping to slow the spread of HIV by getting more people treatment. Jason Beaubien /NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien /NPR

Researchers with HIV medication at a public research lab at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, or Fiocruz, in Rio de Janeiro. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

HIV Prevention Drug Truvada No Quick Fix For Brazil's Epidemic

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/156917745/156933042" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A boy waits to get his anti-AIDS drugs from pharmacist Rajesh Chandra at the Botswana-Baylor Children's Clinical Center of Excellence in Gaborone. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

Teen Years Pose New Risks For Kids Born With HIV

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/156482161/156509774" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

Johane Setlhare began taking anti-AIDS drugs, provided by the government, in 2007. Two years later, he regained enough strength to build the house that's behind him. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

toggle caption Jason Beaubien/NPR

Botswana's 'Stunning Achievement' Against AIDS

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/156375781/156475716" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript

A local organization is trying to curb HIV transmission rates among gay men in Kisumu, Kenya. eduardoavila/Flickr hide caption

toggle caption eduardoavila/Flickr

Kenya's HIV Challenge: Easing Stigma For Gay Men

  • Download
  • <iframe src="https://www.npr.org/player/embed/156309339/156359417" width="100%" height="290" frameborder="0" scrolling="no" title="NPR embedded audio player">
  • Transcript