Jonathan Wilker holds up a group of oysters from a tank in his lab at Purdue University. Rebecca Davis/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Rebecca Davis/NPR

This image represents a chunk, or "cube," of brain. Each different color represents a different neuron, and the goal of the EyeWire game is to figure out how these tangled neurons connect to each other. Players look at a slice from this cube and try to identify the boundaries of each cell. It isn't easy, and it takes practice. You can try it for yourself at eyewire.org. EyeWire hide caption

itoggle caption EyeWire

Car commercial? Nope. Jessica Richman, Zachary Apte (center) and William Ludington are looking to the crowd for money to fund uBiome, which will sequence the genetic code of microbes that live on and inside humans. Courtesy of uBiome hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of uBiome

Kalydeco is one of the first drugs that is effective at combating the root causes of a genetic disease. Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc. hide caption

itoggle caption Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc.

A drawing from Michael Davidson's 2012 patent for "Toothbrush And Method Of Using The Same." Patent 8,108,962/U.S. Patent and Trademark Office hide caption

itoggle caption Patent 8,108,962/U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Does bell pepper and black tea sound appetizing? A computer may think so. Ryan Smith/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ryan Smith/NPR

This photo, taken by NASA's Curiosity rover, shows Mars' Gale Crater, where the rover has taken samples for chemical analysis. Scientists believe that at some point in the very distant past, there was a riverbed here. AP hide caption

itoggle caption AP

NASA's Mars rover Curiosity cut a wheel scuff mark into a wind-formed ripple at the "Rocknest" site to give researchers a better opportunity to examine the particle-size distribution of the material forming the ripple. NASA/JPL-Caltech hide caption

itoggle caption NASA/JPL-Caltech