The medieval town of Pitigliano is perched atop a massive volcanic rock, looking out over vineyards and olive groves. It was once home to a vibrant Jewish community, treated with civility or cruelty depending on who was in charge of the city; now, the town works to preserve and share the cultural history of Italian Jews. Michela Simoncini/Flickr hide caption

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A slide of migratory flows in the Mediterranean Sea from the Mare Nostrum operation is displayed in the control room of the Italian operation, which tracks and intercepts migrant ships en route to Europe. Sylvia Poggioli/NPR hide caption

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The vintage boats of Argentario Sailing Week, some more than a century old, plied the waters off Italy's Tuscan coast, known for its ideal sailing conditions. Sylvia Poggioli/NPR hide caption

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Marquise Lamberto Frescobaldi (right), of the winemaking dynasty, talks with prisoners Brian Baldissin (left) and Francesco Papa at his vineyard on Gorgona island in June 2013. Alessandro Bianchi/Reuters/Landov hide caption

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After winning Italy's version of The Voice, Sister Cristina Scuccia thanks God on stage in Milan alongside her coach, Italian rapper J-Ax. Marco Bertorello/Getty Images hide caption

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Tourists walk past a poster of Pope Francis hanging on the Church of the Nativity in the West Bank town of Bethlehem on Monday. Pope Francis' trip to the Mideast later this week will commemorate the 50th anniversary of a historic rapprochement between Catholics and Orthodox, who split nearly 1,000 years ago. Mussa Qawasma/Reuters/Landov hide caption

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A Palestinian man works on a banner bearing a portrait of Pope Francis at a printing house in the West Bank city of Ramallah in anticipation of this week's papal visit. Abbas Momani/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Pope John Paul II at Giants Stadium in New Jersey in 1995. John Paul, the pontiff from 1978-2005, was a favorite among traditionalist. He will be canonized on Sunday along with the late Pope John XXIII, he was popular among liberals. David Ake/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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