Tom Barrett returned to the convenience store where he stole a can of beer. He spent time in jail, not for the crime, but because he couldn't afford the fines and fees that went along with wearing an electronic monitoring device. Joseph Shapiro/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Joseph Shapiro/NPR

Kyle Dewitt was sentenced to three days in jail after he was unable to pay fees associated with catching a fish out of season. Joseph Shapiro/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Joseph Shapiro/NPR

The proliferation of court fees has prompted some states, like New Jersey, to use amnesty programs to encourage the thousands of people who owe fines to surrender in exchange for fee reductions. At the Fugitive Safe Surrender program, makeshift courtrooms allow judges to individually handle each case. Nicole Beemsterboer/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Nicole Beemsterboer/NPR

Lt. Gen. Mark Milley speaks to reporters April 2 regarding the second shooting in five years on the Fort Hood Army post in Texas. Drew Anthony Smith/Getty Images hide caption

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In 2008, Michael Mastromarino was sentenced in a New York City courtroom for enterprise corruption, body stealing and reckless endangerment. Jesse Ward/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Jesse Ward/AP

Portfolio award winners onstage at the Scholastic Art & Writing Awards in New York on May 31. Stuart Ramson/Insider Images hide caption

itoggle caption Stuart Ramson/Insider Images

Frank Morris (in the apron and visor) stands in front of his shoe shop in Ferriday, La., in the 1950s. He was killed when his shop burned down in 1964. Courtesy of the Concordia Sentinel and William Brown hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the Concordia Sentinel and William Brown

Jasper Burchfield was a 36-year-old part-time constable when he shot and killed Queen in 1965. Joseph Shapiro/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Joseph Shapiro/NPR