The newest member of the Supreme Court, Justice Elena Kagan, participates in the court's official photo session on Oct. 8. Tim Sloan/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer stands outside the Supreme Court in Washington on Wednesday. She defended the state's immigration law, declaring that Arizona had acted to deal with "a crisis" on its borders. Susan Walsh/AP hide caption

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Ted Olson, who served as President George W. Bush's solicitor general, is now one of the lead lawyers trying to overturn California's Proposition 8, which bans gay marriage. Jahi Chikwendiu/The Washington Post via Getty Images hide caption

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The gymnasium at San Quentin State Prison, shown in this June 14, 2007, photo, was filled with nearly 400 double-bunked inmates because of crowded conditions. Eric Risberg/AP hide caption

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Inmates at the Mule Creek State Prison interact in a gymnasium that was modified to house prisoners in Ione, Calif. The U.S. Supreme Court hears arguments Tuesday in a case that pits California's  right to run its prisons against the Constitution's guarantee that individuals behind bars have a right to minimally basic medical care. Justin Sullivan/Getty Images hide caption

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The legacy of U.S. Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan Jr., shown on April 20, 1972, is spelled out in more than 1,300 legal opinions. John Rous/AP hide caption

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Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas sits with his wife, Virginia Lamp Thomas, as he is introduced at the Federalist Society in Washington, D.C., on Nov. 15, 2007. Charles Dharapak/AP hide caption

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California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signs AB 1179 bill restricting the sale and rental of violent video games to minors. On Tuesday, the governor will ask the Supreme Court to uphold the ban. Max Whittaker/AP hide caption

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University of Oklahoma law professor Anita Hill testifies before the Senate Judiciary Committee on the nomination of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court, Oct. 11, 1991. Hill is now a professor at Brandeis University. John Duricka/AP hide caption

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