A U.S. Border Patrol agent patrols along the U.S.-Mexico border in Naco, Ariz., in September. On Monday, the U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear a legal challenge to Arizona's tough new law on illegal immigration. Joshua Lott /Reuters /Landov hide caption

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Caitlin J. Halligan, then a lawyer for New York State, and attorney David Boies spoke in the Court of Appeals in Albany in 2005. On Tuesday, Senate Republicans blocked Halligan's nomination to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Jim McKnight /AP hide caption

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People wait to enter outside the U.S. Supreme Court in March. The court hears arguments Wednesday in a case testing whether the federal government is liable for damages when it violates the Privacy Act by disclosing that an individual is HIV-positive. Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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South African Constitutional Court Judge Albie Sachs, seen here in Johannesburg in 2009, resisted the impulse to take revenge on the bomber who cost him his right arm. Denis Farrell/AP hide caption

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In this March 15, 1973, White House news conference, President Nixon says he will not allow his legal counsel, John Dean, to testify in the Watergate investigation and challenges the Senate to test him in the Supreme Court. Charles Tasnadi/AP hide caption

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Ari Zivotofsky stands with his 9-year-old son, Menachem, outside the Supreme Court on Monday. Menachem was born in Jerusalem, and he and his parents want his U.S. passport to list his place of birth as Israel. Evan Vucci/AP hide caption

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The Supreme Court will consider the question of whether U.S. citizens may list "Jerusalem, Israel" as their birthplace on passports. Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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The U.S. Supreme Court hears arguments Tuesday in a case that will test whether police investigators have total immunity from being sued for giving false testimony before a grand jury.

J. Scott Applewhite/AP hide caption

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