Howard Berkes Howard Berkes is a correspondent for the NPR Investigations Unit.

Regulators Take Action Against Delinquent Mines

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Fines Don't Appear To Deter Mine Safety Violations

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Jim Justice owns Southern Coal Corp., which has 71 mines that have racked up thousands of violations and millions of dollars in fines. Scott Halleran/Getty Images hide caption

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Scott Halleran/Getty Images

Billionaire Spent Millions In Charity, But Avoided Mine Fines

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Don Blankenship, former CEO of Massey Energy, is accused of thwarting mine safety enforcement and conspiring to violate mine safety law. Massey Energy owned the Upper Big Branch mine in West Virginia, which exploded in 2010, killing 29. Jacquelyn Martin/AP hide caption

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Jacquelyn Martin/AP

Former CEO Indicted For Alleged Role In Deadly Mine Disaster

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Outside the D&C Mining Corp. mine near Cranks, Ky. The company owes more than $4 million in unpaid safety penalties. Howard Berkes/NPR hide caption

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Howard Berkes/NPR

Top Delinquent Mine Has Deadly Legacy

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This photo of Roy Middleton working underground at the Kentucky Darby mine now sits on the mantel in the Middleton home in Harlan County, Ky. He was killed after an explosion in 2006. Anna Boiko-Weyrauch/NPR/Original photo courtesy of the Middleton family hide caption

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Anna Boiko-Weyrauch/NPR/Original photo courtesy of the Middleton family

Listen to Part 1

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Past Disasters Haunt Modern-Day Coal Mining Accidents

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Mine Dust Rules Could Slow Production, Coal Mining Companies Say

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U.S. skater Jessica Smith, in black, is among the Americans who have been kept off the podium in Sochi despite strong performances leading up to the Winter Games. Smith's private coach is Jae Su Chun, who is under a two-year suspension from the International Skating Union. Damien Meyer/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Damien Meyer/AFP/Getty Images