Michele Rosewoman (bottom right) is joined by batá percussionists in performance with her New Yor-Uba Ensemble in 2013. Tom Ehrlich/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Tom Ehrlich/Courtesy of the artist

Ella Fitzgerald sings with bandleader Chick Webb in Asbury Park, N.J., in 1938. Hulton Archive/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Hulton Archive/Getty Images

William Parker. Roberto Serra - Iguana Press/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Roberto Serra - Iguana Press/Getty Images

Booker Ervin on the cover of The Book Cooks, his debut album. Courtesy of Bethlehem Records hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of Bethlehem Records

Amir ElSaffar's new album is called Alchemy. Nicole LeCorgne/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Nicole LeCorgne/Courtesy of the artist

Ahmad Jamal. Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the artist

Left to right: Craig Taborn (piano), Dave Holland (bass), Kevin Eubanks (electric guitar), Eric Harland (drums). Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the artist

Art Hodes performs at the Ole South in New York City circa 1946. William Gottlieb/Library of Congress via Flickr hide caption

itoggle caption William Gottlieb/Library of Congress via Flickr

John Surman, Mike Osborne and Alan Skidmore were all saxophonists and teamed up in 1973 to form the short-lived trio S.O.S. Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the artist

Clarinetist Darryl Harper discovered jazz as a teenager in Philadelphia. Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the artist

Rich Halley and his quartet play with Bobby Bradford at the Penofin Jazz Festival. Bob Pyle/Rich Halley hide caption

itoggle caption Bob Pyle/Rich Halley

Duke Ellington (1899-1974) at the piano at the Fairfield Hall, Croydon, during a British tour on Feb. 10, 1963. John Pratt/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption John Pratt/Getty Images