John Surman, Mike Osborne and Alan Skidmore were all saxophonists and teamed up in 1973 to form the short-lived trio S.O.S. Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the artist

Clarinetist Darryl Harper discovered jazz as a teenager in Philadelphia. Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of the artist

Rich Halley and his quartet play with Bobby Bradford at the Penofin Jazz Festival. Bob Pyle/Rich Halley hide caption

itoggle caption Bob Pyle/Rich Halley

Duke Ellington (1899-1974) at the piano at the Fairfield Hall, Croydon, during a British tour on Feb. 10, 1963. John Pratt/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption John Pratt/Getty Images

Miami-born Cécile McLorin Salvant learned about improvisation and sang with her first band after moving to France in 2007. J.R. Photography/Courtesy of the artist hide caption

itoggle caption J.R. Photography/Courtesy of the artist

Sarah Vaughan performs during the International Jazz Festival of Nice in southeast France in July 1984. Raph Gatti/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Raph Gatti/AFP/Getty Images

American jazz musician Woody Herman rehearses in London during a tour of England. Keystone/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Keystone/Getty Images

A batch of reissues and archival releases from Bing Crosby's own vaults is getting a high-profile relaunch. Above, Crosby circa 1956. Courtesy of Universal Music hide caption

itoggle caption Courtesy of Universal Music

Earl "Fatha" Hines' band featured the likes of Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie. Express/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Express/Getty Images

Drummer Barry Altschul writes tunes that play complex games with rhythm. Dmitry Mandel/Courtesy of TUM Records hide caption

itoggle caption Dmitry Mandel/Courtesy of TUM Records