An Afghan security officer guards ballot boxes at the Independent Election Commission in Kabul, Afghanistan, Aug. 29, 2009. Now, the country's Electoral Complaints Commission is investigating hundreds formal complaints of fraud. Rafiq Maqbool/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Rafiq Maqbool/AP

Retired New York City Police Lt. Roger Parrino talks with elders in Khawji Jamal village. Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Soraya Sarhaddi Nelson/NPR

An Afghan National Army soldier looks out from a building in the middle of a main square Wednesday in Kandahar, Afghanistan. The Afghan National Police and army stepped up their presence in the city ahead of the Aug. 20 presidential election. Holly Pickett for NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Holly Pickett for NPR

Women in Kandahar, Afghanistan, line up to learn how to vote in the upcoming presidential and provincial elections. But female voters and candidates alike still face oppression and threats of violence. Hamed Zalmy/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Hamed Zalmy/AFP/Getty Images