Young women from all over Afghanistan's Badakhshan Province study midwifery for eighteen months in the capital city of Faizabad. The next class of students will graduate in the coming weeks -- then return to their villages. Jim Wildman/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Jim Wildman/NPR

Smoke rises after NATO aircraft conduct an airstrike near the Arghandab River, south of Senjeray village, in Afghanistan's Kandahar province, where U.S. commanders had identified as insurgent positions, Sept. 11, 2010. As the U.S. cracks down on insurgents in Afghanistan, survivors flee to safe havens across the border in Pakistan. Now, the U.S. is ramping up strikes on Pakistan's lawless border region. Todd Pittman/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Todd Pittman/AP