Scottish explorer Mungo Park was among the first Europeans to view the Mandinka tribe's masked dancers who were known as Maamajomboo. He translated the word as "mumbo jumbo.' This 1797 illustration from Park's book, "Travels In The Interior Districts of Africa" shows a view of Kamalia village in Mandinka country.
President Obama, with Attorney General Eric Holder and Housing and Urban Development Secretary Shaun Donovan, speaks about a report from My Brother's Keeper, an initiative to expand opportunities for young men and boys of color.
Since 1989, Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., has introduced into each session of Congress a bill called HR 40, Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African Americans Act.