The Salt

The SaltThe Salt

What's On Your Plate

About 50 percent of the vegetables available today are tomatoes and potatoes, according to new USDA data. Lettuce is the third most available single vegetable. Legumes and all other vegetables make up 41 percent of what's available. Ryan Kellman/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ryan Kellman/NPR

The federal food stamps program is working to make sure low-income Americans are getting enough calories, but those calories are less nutritious than what everyone else eats, research finds. The USDA is funding programs to try to bridge that gap, such as initiatives that allow food stamp recipients to use their benefits at farmers markets. Allen Breed/AP hide caption

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Despite all the efforts to get kids to eat more healthfully, the rate of fast-food consumption hasn't budged in the past 15 years, the CDC finds. iStockphoto hide caption

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The group of women in a new study with the lowest rate of breast cancer consumed about four tablespoons of olive oil each day. Heather Rousseau/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Heather Rousseau/NPR

Frozen tuna lies on the ground at the Tsukiji fish market in Tokyo. The FDA recommends freezing raw fish before serving it in sushi as a way to keep it free of parasites. But as a recent outbreak of Salmonella in the U.S. highlights, freezing doesn't guarantee that raw sushi fish is pathogen-free. Koichi Kamoshida/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Koichi Kamoshida/Getty Images

Eat fish or take a fish oil supplement? Research suggests eating fish regularly over a lifetime is good for the brain. But when it comes to staving off cognitive decline in seniors, fish oil supplements just don't cut it, a study finds. iStockphoto hide caption

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Ah, sugar — we love the sweetness, but not the calories. For more than a century, food technologists have been on a quest for the perfect, guilt-free substitute. The latest candidate, allulose, is not available to consumers in a crystal form: It is a syrup only available to manufacturers. Ryan Kellman/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ryan Kellman/NPR

Gluten is everywhere you look in Italy. Here, fresh ravioli at the historic shop "Gatti & Antonelli" in Rome in 2014. Alberto Pizzoli/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Caprese salad on a stick is one of the healthier options at this year's Iowa State Fair. Sarah McCammon/NPR hide caption

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The McDonald's inside the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, in 2004. Tony Dejak/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Tony Dejak/AP

Low-carb diet or low-fat one? Either diet will trigger the body to burn off fat, a new study finds. Mahafreen H. Mistry/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Mahafreen H. Mistry/NPR

Bela Gil is a nutritionist, a chef with several cookbooks to her name and host of her own TV show. Wikimedia hide caption

itoggle caption Wikimedia

A meta-analysis found that people on vegetarian diets lost around 4.4 pounds more than the control group (who had no change in diet), while those who went vegan dropped 5.5 pounds more. Marcus Butt/Ikon Images/Corbis hide caption

itoggle caption Marcus Butt/Ikon Images/Corbis
NPR Photo Illustration/FDA

"It now pays to get a lot of pleasure out of a little bit of sugar," says Danielle Reed, a scientist at the Monell Chemical Senses Center. Ryan Kellman/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ryan Kellman/NPR

A daily habit of sugary-sweetened drinks can boost your risk of developing the disease — even if you're not overweight. Ryan Kellman/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ryan Kellman/NPR

Scientists have documented that beneficial microorganisms play a critical role in how our bodies function. And it's becoming clear that the influence goes beyond the gut — researchers are turning their attention to our emotional health. iStockphoto hide caption

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