Pvt. Bradley E. Manning, who was arrested in May, has been charged with violating the Uniform Code of Military Justice, Articles 92 ("failure to obey order or regulation") and 134 ("general article"), for his alleged involvement with WikiLeaks, "a multi-jurisdictional public service designed to protect whistleblowers, journalists and activists who have sensitive materials to communicate to the public."
The U.S. military alleges he leaked tens of thousands of State Department cables and two sensitive videos.
Manning, who was based at Contingency Operating Station Hammer, in Iraq, is charged with:
...wrongfully introducing a classified video of a military operation filmed at or near Baghdad, Iraq, on or about 12 July 2007, onto his personal computer, a non-secure information system.
...wrongfully introducing more than 50 classified United States Department of State cables onto his personal computer, a non-secure information system.
...wrongfully introducing a classified Microsoft Office PowerPoint presentation onto his personal computer, a non-secure information system.
...wrongfully adding unauthorized software to a Secret Internet Protocol Router network computer.
That classified video, of an an operation that killed several civilians — including two Reuters employees, was leaked to, and decrypted by, WikiLeaks. The organization, which was founded by Julian Assange, used it in "Collateral Murder," a film about the incident.
According to NPR's Kelly McEvers, in Baghdad, the U.S. military will convene an Article 32 investigation. That proceeding will determine whether Manning's case should be referred to trial by court martial.