Eastleigh, an area in Nairobi, Kenya, is known as "Little Mogadishu." It's a Somali neighborhood of mud roads, open sewers and intrigue where the militant group al-Shabab is trying to recruit people to its efforts to create a strict Islamist state in Somalia. Frank Langfitt/NPR hide caption

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European soldiers are training 2,000 Somalis to help build a national army to defend a weak, Western-backed government in Mogadishu, Somalia. Here, a European soldier participates in the training of a Somali recruit at a training camp in remote Uganda. Frank Langfitt/NPR hide caption

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African Union troops are trying to bring stability to war-ravaged Somalia. They are locked in battle with al-Shabab, Islamist militants who claim ties with al-Qaida. Here, militiamen in Mogadishu, Somalia's capital, ride in a "technical" -- a pickup truck outfitted with weapons. This militia supports the African Union and local government troops. Frank Langfitt/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Frank Langfitt/NPR