With many young talents under his tutelage, Art Blakey has often been called the father of hard bop. David Referns/Redferns hide caption

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Conguero Poncho Sanchez gave Frank Foster's swing classic, "Shiny Stockings," a new identity as a mambo. Charley Gallay/Getty Images Entertainment hide caption

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Wayne Shorter's 2003 album Alegria finds the saxophonist and composer matching his quartet with orchestral textures. Thomas Dorn/Verve Records hide caption

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The Saxophone Colossus (that's Sonny Rollins at left) played on The Rolling Stones' "Waiting on a Friend." Photo Illustration: Lars Gotrich/Photos: Rick Diamond/Getty Images, Miguel Palacios/Cover. hide caption

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If Louis Jordan's "Ain't That Just Like a Woman" doesn't point the way to rock 'n' roll, nothing does. George Pickow/Hulton Archive hide caption

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Drummer Benny Jones Sr. is the leader of the Treme Brass Band. He also has an awesome hat. Pompo Bresciani hide caption

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Fats Waller seemed to pack 10 lifetimes of fun into his 39 years on the planet. Evening Standard/Hulton Archive hide caption

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One of the two known photos of Robert Johnson. This portrait was taken by the Hooks Bros. Photography Company in Memphis, Tenn., circa 1935. Courtesy of the Delta Haze Corporation hide caption

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Claudia Acuna. Courtesy of the artist hide caption

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Latina Jazz: Spanish-Speaking Vocalists

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Album cover of Putumayo's New Orleans Christmas. Courtesy of Putumayo World Music hide caption

toggle caption Courtesy of Putumayo World Music