Ella Fitzgerald. William P. Gottlieb/Library of Congress via flickr.com hide caption

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William P. Gottlieb/Library of Congress via flickr.com

The band led by drummer Art Blakey (center) groomed more than 150 alumni members, including saxophonist Wayne Shorter and trumpeter Lee Morgan. Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images hide caption

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Robert Abbott Sengstacke/Getty Images

Tadd Dameron composed a body of work that helped define and expand the parameters of bebop. William Gottlieb/Library of Congress via Flickr hide caption

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William Gottlieb/Library of Congress via Flickr