The U.S. Army distributed a monthly pinup calendar to GIs, which encouraged them to protect themselves from malaria-carrying mosquitoes. Cartoon by Frank Mack for the U.S. Army./Courtesy of the Images from the History of Medicine. hide caption

itoggle caption Cartoon by Frank Mack for the U.S. Army./Courtesy of the Images from the History of Medicine.

In rural areas of Myanmar, villagers can buy inexpensive packets of drugs, called Ya Chut, when they have malaria. But these local remedies often don't contain adequate amounts of malaria medicines. Ben de la Cruz/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ben de la Cruz/NPR

Dr. Aun Pyae Phyo examines a baby at the Whampa malaria clinic on the Thailand-Myanmar border. Ben de la Cruz/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ben de la Cruz/NPR

This 5-year-old boy was carried to a Thai malaria clinic by his mother from deep inside Myanmar. If the mother had waited even a day longer, doctors say, the child probably would have died. Ben de la Cruz/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ben de la Cruz/NPR

Daw Khin Twon, an undocumented immigrant from Burma, rests at home after receiving malaria treatment at the Mae Tao Clinic in Mae Sot, Thailand. Ben de la Cruz/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Ben de la Cruz/NPR