The port city of Tartous is in a region loyal to President Bashar Assad. The city has been a refuge for supporters to vacation and seek work. Steve Inskeep/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Steve Inskeep/NPR

Razan Shalab Al-Sham, in bright blue, works for the Syrian Emergency Task Force. She helped provide uniforms for the new civil police force of Khirbet al-Joz in northern Syria. Deborah Amos/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Deborah Amos/NPR

The Syrian "Dead City" of Shanshrah, in northern Idlib province. A U.N. World Heritage site, the Dead Cities of northern Syria date back to the first to fifth centuries. Kelly McEvers/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Kelly McEvers/NPR

A family crosses a street piled with rubbish in Aleppo, Syria, on Jan. 5. Andoni Lubaki/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Andoni Lubaki/AP

Local Syrian doctors prepare to treat a patient in a field hospital in Aldana, Syria, near the Turkish border. Each day, local and expatriate doctors take big risks to treat the wounded in rebel-held areas. Deborah Amos/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Deborah Amos/NPR