This photo of Roy Middleton working underground at the Kentucky Darby mine now sits on the mantel in the Middleton home in Harlan County, Ky. He was killed after an explosion in 2006. Anna Boiko-Weyrauch/NPR/Original photo courtesy of the Middleton family hide caption

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Anna Boiko-Weyrauch/NPR/Original photo courtesy of the Middleton family

Listen to Part 1

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The injuries Jack Blankenship sustained after a 300-pound rock pinned him to the ground while working in a coal mine prevent him from sitting for long periods of time or walking far. He says he's in constant pain. Anna Boiko-Weyrauch/NPR hide caption

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Anna Boiko-Weyrauch/NPR

Miners At Risk Because Of Unpaid And Uncollected Fines

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Outside the D&C Mining Corp. mine near Cranks, Ky. The company owes more than $4 million in unpaid safety penalties. Howard Berkes/NPR hide caption

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Howard Berkes/NPR

Top Delinquent Mine Has Deadly Legacy

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Jim Justice owns Southern Coal Corp., which has 71 mines that have racked up thousands of violations and millions of dollars in fines. Scott Halleran/Getty Images hide caption

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Scott Halleran/Getty Images

Billionaire Spent Millions In Charity, But Avoided Mine Fines

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Fines Don't Appear To Deter Mine Safety Violations

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West Virginia billionaire businessman Jim Justice announced his run for governor of West Virginia as a Democrat in White Sulphur Springs, W.Va., on May 11, 2015. Chris Tilley/AP hide caption

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Chris Tilley/AP

Feds Probe Failure To Collect Mine Safety Penalties After NPR Report

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Regulators Take Action Against Delinquent Mines

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