All they want for Christmas is for you to sing along. Sylvie Rosokoff/NPR hide caption

itoggle caption Sylvie Rosokoff/NPR

This copper engraving from approximately 1700 depicts the condition of the English prisoners at the hands of the Dutch. In the 1660s, Cornell University's Eric Tagliacozzo says, the conflict and competition for the spice trade came to a head. "The Dutch decapitated a number of English merchants who were also in the Spice Islands trying to profit from the trade." WikiCommons hide caption

itoggle caption WikiCommons