Ali Maow Maalin said he avoided getting the smallpox vaccine as a young man because he was afraid of needles. He didn't want others to make the same mistake with polio. Courtesy of the World Health Organization hide caption

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A mother and daughter walk home after attending a community meeting about eradicating female genital mutilation in the western Senegalese village of Diabougo. Finbarr O'Reilly/Reuters /Landov hide caption

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A Yemeni child receives a polio vaccine in the capital city of Sanaa. The Yemen government launched an immunization campaign last month in response to the polio outbreak in neighboring Somalia. Mohammed Huwais/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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Polio Eradication Suffers A Setback As Somali Outbreak Worsens
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Children with tuberculosis sleep outside at Springfield House Open Air School in London in 1932. Like sanatoriums, these schools offered TB sufferers a place to receive the top treatment of the day: fresh air and sunshine. Fox Photos/Getty Images hide caption

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A Doctors Without Borders support counselor waits for MDR-TB patients at a clinic in Nukus, Uzbekistan. Courtesy of Misha Friedman hide caption

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Dale Hippensteel, manages the Sheboygan County health department. Jeffrey Phelps/For NPR hide caption

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Tuberculosis Outbreak Shakes Wisconsin City
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Red blood cells are normally shaped like doughnuts, but sickle cells (purple) are flattened and clump together. NIH hide caption

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Sickle Cell Anemia Is On The Rise Worldwide
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A woman waits to get AIDS drugs on April 8 at a clinic in Ga-Rankuwa, South Africa, about 55 miles north of Johannesburg. New WHO guidelines say patients should start HIV treatment much earlier, before they become extremely sick. Stephane de Sakutin/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

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South Africa Weighs Starting HIV Drug Treatment Sooner
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A boy collects water at a new spigot in Shululu, Tajikistan. Before the government built a new water system, villagers were allocated half-hour time slots to collect water from a trickling tap. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

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Rich With Water But Little To Drink In Tajikistan
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Nurse Marina Bogdanova, with Sputnik, gives medications to Sergei Gaptenko, who is close to finishing treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis. Konstantin Salomatin for NPR hide caption

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'Sputnik' Orbits A Russian City, Finding And Healing Tuberculosis
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Igor Davydenko sits in his cell at a Siberian prison where inmates are treated for drug-resistant tuberculosis. Konstantin Salomatin/for NPR hide caption

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Treating The 'Body And Soul' In A Russian TB Prison
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Patients sit with their eyes bandaged at an Aravind Eye Care clinic in Madurai, India after cataract surgeries. Aravind performs more than 300,000 cataract surgeries annually. Reinhard Krause/Reuters/Landov hide caption

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One Man's Quest To Make Medical Technology Affordable To All
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Rukshona Saidova, 12, lives with both HIV and tuberculosis. She can't walk right now because the diseases have atrophied muscles in her legs. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

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Curing Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis In Kids Takes Creativity
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Nurse Tina Martin checks on Orion Qurbonaliev, 4, who has tuberculosis. Orion's grandmother, Kholbibi Abdulloeva, also has TB. Jason Beaubien/NPR hide caption

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Myths And Stigma Stoke TB Epidemic In Tajikistan
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