A mummy of a Chinchorro child, dating to between 5000 B.C. and 3000 B.C. The Chinchorros were hunter-gatherers who lived in the region between modern-day Peru and Chile. Claudio Santana/AFP/Getty Images hide caption

itoggle caption Claudio Santana/AFP/Getty Images

The fossilized remains of a whale that washed up on a shore in what's now Chile more than 5 million years ago. Vince Rossi/Smithsonian Institution hide caption

itoggle caption Vince Rossi/Smithsonian Institution

Presidential candidate Michelle Bachelet waves during a victory rally in Santiago, Chile, on Sunday. She defeated her conservative rival Evelyn Matthei with 62 percent of the vote. Luis Hidalgo/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Luis Hidalgo/AP

Bolivian President Evo Morales speaks last month at an event in La Paz to mark Sea Day, when the country lost access to the coast in a war with Chile more than 100 years ago. On Wednesday, Bolivia filed a lawsuit against Chile at the International Court of Justice to reclaim access to the Pacific Ocean. Juan Karita/AP hide caption

itoggle caption Juan Karita/AP